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Browsing by Subject "Climate change"

Browsing by Subject "Climate change"

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  • Holt, RE; Woods, PJ; Ferreira, ASA; Bardarson, Hlynur; Bonanomi, S; Boonstra, WJ; Butler, Will E.; Diekert, FK; Fouzai, N; Holma, M; Kokkalis, A; Kvile, KØ; Macdonald, Jed; Malanski, E; Nieminen, E; Ottosen, KM; Pedersen, MW; Richter, A; Rogers, L; Romagnoni, G; Snickars, M; Törnroos, A; Weigel, B; Whittington, JD; Yletyinen, J (Inter-Research Science Center, 2017-12-27)
    As the world’s social-environmental problems increasingly extend across boundaries, both disciplinary and political, there is a growing need for interdisciplinarity, not only in research per se, but also in doctoral education. We present the common ...
  • Egilsdottir, Hronn (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences, 2017-02-08)
    Anthropogenic CO2 emissions, which are resulting in ocean acidification and a decrease in the saturation state for calcium carbonate (Ω), are a particular threat to calcifying marine biota. The aim of this thesis is to fill important knowledge gaps ...
  • Etter, Simon; Addor, Nans; Huss, Matthias; Finger, David C. (Elsevier BV, 2017-10)
    Study region The hydropower reservoir of Gigerwald is located in the alpine valley Calfeisental in eastern Switzerland. The lake is fed by runoff from rain, snow melt and ice melt from a few small glaciers, as well as by water collected in a ...
  • Kalaniemi, Salla; Ottelin, Juudit; Heinonen, Jukka; Junnila, Seppo (Elsevier BV, 2020-12)
    Human economic activities and following carbon emissions have been recognized to be a real threat to the environment. The current levels of consumption-based carbon footprints in all developed economies grossly exceed the sustainable level. Scientists ...
  • Jónsson, Jón Einar; Lúðvíksson, Smári J.; Kaller, Michael D. (Springer Nature, 2016-06-02)
    Climate change studies have detected earlier spring arrival of breeding birds. However, first nest dates (date first nests were found), which commonly provide the metric for earlier arrival, can be biased by population size or sampling effort. Our aims ...
  • Silva, Teresa Sofia Giesta da (University of Iceland, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, 2018-12-14)
    Krill are an important component of the Icelandic marine ecosystem. Given their important ecological niche, as conveyors of biological production between phytoplankton and higher trophic levels, fluctuations in krill abundance can have large impacts ...
  • Mackay, Jonathan D.; Barrand, Nicholas E.; Hannah, David M.; Krause, Stefan; Jackson, Christopher R.; Everest, Jez; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Black, Andrew R. (Copernicus GmbH, 2019-04-03)
    The flow regimes of glacier-fed rivers are sensitive to climate change due to strong climate cryosphere hydrosphere interactions. Previous modelling studies have projected changes in annual and seasonal flow magnitude but neglect other changes in river ...
  • Sigurdsson, Bjarni D.; Leblans, Niki; Dauwe, Steven; Guðmundsdóttir, Elín; Gundersen, Per; G. Gunnarsdóttir, Gunnhildur Eva; Holmstrup, Martin; Ilieva-Makulec, Krassimira; Kätterer, Thomas; Marteinsdóttir, Bryndís; Maljanen, Marja; Oddsdóttir, Edda Sigurdís; Ostonen, Ivika; Penuelas, Josep; Poeplau, Christopher; Richter, Andreas; Sigurðsson, Páll; van Bodegom, Peter; Wallander, Håkan; Weedon, James; Janssens, Ivan (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2016)
    This article describes how natural geothermal soil temperature gradients in Iceland have been used to study terrestrial ecosystem responses to soil warming. The experimental approach was evaluated at three study sites in southern Iceland; one grassland ...
  • Gargallo-Garriga, Albert; Ayala-Roque, Marta; Sardans, Jordi; Bartrons, Mireia; Granda, Victor; Sigurdsson, Bjarni D.; Leblans, Niki; Oravec, Michal; Urban, Otmar; Janssens, Ivan; Penuelas, Josep (MDPI AG, 2017-08-23)
    Climate change is stronger at high than at temperate and tropical latitudes. The natural geothermal conditions in southern Iceland provide an opportunity to study the impact of warming on plants, because of the geothermal bedrock channels that induce ...
  • Welling, Johannes; Árnason, Þorvarður; Olafsdottir, Rannveig (MDPI AG, 2020-07-01)
    Since the end of the 20th century, glaciers are shrinking at an accelerated pace worldwide. This fuels the concern that increased glacier recession will lead to changes in the accessibility, safety, and amenity of many popular glacier tourist ...
  • Alves, Jose; Gunnarsson, Tomas Gretar; Sutherland, William J.; Potts, Peter M.; Gill, J. A. (Wiley, 2019-02-14)
    Phenological changes in response to climate change have been recorded in many taxa, but the population-level consequences of these changes are largely unknown. If phenological change influences demography, it may underpin the changes in range size and ...
  • Gill, Jennifer A.; Alves, Jose; Gunnarsson, Tomas Gretar (The Royal Society, 2019-07-29)
    Many migratory systems are changing rapidly in space and time, and these changes present challenges for conservation. Changes in local abundance and site occupancy across species' ranges have raised concerns over the efficacy of the existing protected ...
  • Robinson, Sinikka I.; McLaughlin, Órla B.; Marteinsdóttir, Bryndís; O'Gorman, Eoin J. (Wiley, 2018-02-13)
    Global warming is predicted to significantly alter species physiology, biotic interactions and thus ecosystem functioning, as a consequence of coexisting species exhibiting a wide range of thermal sensitivities. There is, however, a dearth of research ...