Opin vísindi

Browsing by Subject "Börn"

Browsing by Subject "Börn"

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  • Hjálmarsdóttir, Martha Ásdís; Quirk, Sigríður Júlía; Haraldsson, Gunnsteinn; Erlendsdóttir, Helga; Haraldsson, Ásgeir; Kristinsson, Karl G. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-01-26)
    Background Information on pneumococcal serotype distribution before vaccination is a prerequisite for evaluation of vaccine effect. The aim was to investigate the prevalence of pneumococcal serotypes isolated from middle ear (ME), lower respiratory ...
  • Haga, Monika; Tortella, Patrizia; Asonitou, Katerina; Charitou, Sophia; Koutsouki, Dimitra; Fumagalli, Guido; Sigmundsson, Hermundur (SAGE Publications, 2018-04)
    Motor development is affected by maturation and growth but also influenced by the specific environmental and cultural context. Therefore, cross-cultural research can provide information about how different cultural contexts, lifestyles, and physical ...
  • Amri, Avianto; Bird, Deanne; Ronan, Kevin; Haynes, Katharine; Towers, Briony (Copernicus GmbH, 2017-04-24)
    This article investigates the implementation of disaster risk reduction education for children in Indonesia. In the last decade, education programmes related to this subject have been promoted as capable of reducing disaster losses and increasing ...
  • Briem, Kristin; Jónsdóttir, Kolbrún Vala; Árnason, Árni; Sveinsson, Thorarinn (SAGE Publications, 2017-01)
    Background: Female athletes have a higher rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury than males from adolescence and into maturity, which is suggested to result from sex-specific changes in dynamic movement patterns with maturation. Few studies ...
  • Einarsson, Einar Jón; Patel, Mitesh; Petersen, Hannes; Wiebe, Thomas; Fransson, Per-Anders; Magnusson, Måns; Moëll, Christian (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-02-21)
    Chemotherapy in childhood can result in long-term neurophysiological side-effects, which could extend to visual processing, specifically the degree to which a person relies on vision to determine vertical and horizontal (visual dependency). We investigated ...
  • Guðmundsdóttir, Kristín; Sigurðardóttir, Zuilma Gabriela; Ala'i-Rosales, Shahla (American Psychological Association (APA), 2017-04)
    This article describes the development and results of behavioral training via telecommunication for three caregivers of children with autism. A single-subject, multiple baseline experimental design, replicated across caregivers, preschool children with ...
  • Egilson, Snæfrídur Thóra; Traustadottir, Rannveig; Ingólfsdóttir, Jóna G. (SAGE Publications, 2017-06-22)
    This paper outlines the reported discrepancies between the aims of the welfare services in Iceland and the experiences of parents raising young children with intellectual disabilities. Prevailing views on disability and service delivery were also ...
  • Olafsdottir, Steingerdur; Berg, Christina (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2017-08-29)
    Objective: Exposure to advertisements cannot fully explain the associations between young children’s dietary intake and the time they spend in front of the television. It is therefore of importance to study television content other than advertisements ...
  • Sigmundsson, Hermundur; Dybfest Eriksen, Adrian; Ofteland, Greta S.; Haga, Monika (Frontiers Media SA, 2018-03-08)
    Literacy is the cornerstone of a primary school education and enables the intellectual and social development of young children. Letter-sound knowledge has been identified as critical for developing proficiency in reading. This study explored the ...
  • Tomasdottir, Margret O.; Björnsdóttir, Amalía; Getz, Linn; Steingrímsdóttir, Þóra; Ólafsdóttir, Ólöf A.; Kristjánsdóttir, Hildur; Sigurðsson, Jóhann A. (Informa UK Limited, 2016-10-08)
    Objective: To study the self-reported prevalence of experienced violence among a cohort of women about two years after giving birth, their health during pregnancy, pregnancy outcomes and their experience of their child ’ s health. Setting and ...
  • Kristinsdóttir, Guðrún; Árnadóttir, Hervör Alma (Menntavísindasvið Háskóla Íslands, 2015-11-21)
    Markmiðið með greininni er að varpa ljósi á reynslu rannsakenda af því að fá formleg leyfi og aðgengi að börnum til að rannsaka hagi þeirra og ræða við þau um málefni sem þau varða. Tilgangurinn er að efla umræðu um málið og vekja athygli á því hver ...
  • Einarsson, Ingi Þór; Daly, Daniel; Arngrímsson, Sigurbjörn Árni; Jóhannsson, Erlingur (Læknafélag Íslands, Læknafélag Reykjavíkur, 2015-04-01)
    Lítið er vitað um hreyfingu, holdafar og áhættuþætti fyrir ýmsum hjarta-, æða- og efnaskiptasjúkdómum á meðal barna með þroskahömlun. Tilgangur þessarar rannsóknar var að kanna líkamlegt ástand grunnskólabarna með þroskahömlun. Efniviður og ...
  • Chen, Ruoqing; Fall, Katja; Czene, Kamila; Kennedy, Beatrice; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Fang, Fang (Dove Medical Press Ltd., 2018-05)
    Background: A parental cancer diagnosis is a stressful life event, potentially leading to increased risks of mental and physical problems among children. This study aimed to investigate the associations of parental cancer with IQ, stress resilience, ...
  • Hlodversdottir, Heidrun; Þorsteinsdóttir, Harpa; Þórðardóttir, Edda Björk; Njardvik, Urdur; Pétursdóttir, Guðrún; Hauksdóttir, Arna (Informa UK Limited, 2018-03-05)
    Background: More than 500 million people worldwide live within exposure range of an active volcano and children are a vulnerable subgroup of such exposed populations. However, studies on the effects of volcanic eruptions on children’s health beyond the ...
  • de Fine Licht, Sofie; Rugbjerg, Kathrine; Gudmundsdottir, Thorgerdur; Bonnesen, Trine G.; Asdahl, Peter Haubjerg; Holmqvist, Anna Sällfors; Madanat-Harjuoja, Laura; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Wesenberg, Finn; Hasle, Henrik; Winther, Jeanette F.; Olsen, Jørgen H. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-05-09)
    Background Survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk for a wide range of late effects. However, no large population-based studies have included the whole range of somatic diagnoses including subgroup diagnoses and all main types of childhood ...
  • Varðardóttir, Birna; Margeirsdóttir, Elísabet; Olafsdottir, Steingerdur; Ólafsdóttir, Anna Sigríður (Menntavísindasvið Háskóla Íslands, 2017-12-31)
    Fjöldi íslenskra barna stundar æfingar hjá íþróttafélögum í frítíma sínum og mótast börnin á ýmsan hátt af umhverfi íþróttamiðstöðva og nágrennis. Markmið rannsóknarinnar var að rannsaka fæðuval 10–18 ára barna í tengslum við íþróttaæfingar þeirra ...
  • Sævarsson, Elvar Smári; Svansdottir, Erla; Sveinsson, Thorarinn; Asgeirsdottir, Tinna Laufey; Arngrímsson, Sigurbjörn Árni; Johannsson, Erlingur (SAGE Publications, 2017-06-30)
    Aims: The aims of this study were to study the correlation between lifestyle-related factors, such as organized leisure-time sport participation (OLSP), cardiorespiratory fitness, and adiposity, and academic achievement among preadolescents. Methods: ...
  • Sævarsson, Elvar Smári (University of Iceland, 2018-11)
    Background: The academic performance of children has been correlated with their future educational attainment and health and has therefore been viewed as a public health concern. Physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are known to exert many ...
  • Sverrisson, Friðgeir A.; Bateman, Brian T.; Aspelund, Thor; Skúlason, Sigurgrímur; Zoega, Helga (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-11-21)
    Background Hypertensive disorders complicate up to 10% of pregnancies. Evidence suggests a potential association between maternal hypertensive disorders during pregnancy, particularly preeclampsia, and adverse neurodevelopment in the offspring, but ...
  • Olafsdottir, Steingerdur (Menntavísindasvið Háskóla Íslands, 2017-12-31)
    Miðlanotkun spannar sjónvarpsáhorf, tölvuleiki, netnotkun og snjalltækjanotkun. Í ljósi tækniþróunar er mikilvægt að rannsaka miðlanotkun barna allt niður í nokkurra mánaða aldur en það hefur ekki verið gert á Íslandi hingað til. Markmið rannsóknarinnar ...