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Browsing by Subject "Aged"

Browsing by Subject "Aged"

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  • Rögnvaldsson, Kristján G; Bjarnason, Agnar; Kristinsson, Karl; Bragason, Hörður T; Erlendsdóttir, Helga; Þorgeirsson, Guðmundur; Gottfreðsson, Magnús (2022-08)
    BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is commonly caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) and associated with subsequent cardiovascular complications and increased mortality. Potential short-term survival benefits conferred by acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) use ...
  • Daníelsdóttir, Hilda Björk; Aspelund, Thor; Thordardottir, Edda Bjork; Fall, Katja; Fang, Fang; Tómasson, Gunnar; Rúnarsdóttir, Harpa; Yang, Qian; Choi, Karmel W; Kennedy, Beatrice; Halldorsdottir, Thorhildur; Lu, Donghao; Song, Huan; Jakobsdóttir, Jóhanna; Hauksdóttir, Arna; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna (2022-02-01)
    Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have consistently been associated with elevated risk of multiple adverse health outcomes, yet their contribution to coping ability and psychiatric resilience in adulthood is unclear. Methods: Cross-sectional ...
  • Petursdottir, Astridur; Gunnarsson, Örvar; Valsdóttir, Elsa Björk (2020-07)
    INNGANGUR Krabbameinager í kviðarholi er oft afleiðing krabbameins í ristli eða endaþarmi og er illlæknanlegt ástand. Lifun sjúklinga með krabbameinager hefur að meðaltali verið undir tveimur árum eftir kerfislæga krabbameinslyfjameðferð með eða án ...
  • Hjaltadóttir, Ingibjörg; Sigurdardottir, Arun K. (Læknafélag Íslands, 2015-02)
    Inngangur: Sykursýki er vaxandi vandamál meðal eldra fólks og einn af áhættuþáttum fyrir flutning á hjúkrunarheimili. Ennfremur er sjúkdómabyrði og lyfjanotkun þeirra sem eru með sykursýki oft meiri. Tilgangur rannsóknarinnar var að skoða algengi ...
  • Lárusdóttir, Katrín Júniána; Guðmundsson, Hjalti J.; Johnsen, Árni; Sigurðsson, Martin Ingi; Guðbjartsson, Tómas; Guomundsdóttir, Ingibjörg Jóna (2021-03)
    INNGANGUR Ósæðarlokuþrengsl eru algengasti lokusjúkdómurinn á Vesturlöndum. Hefðbundin meðferð við alvarlegum þrengslum hefur verið opin ósæðarlokuskipti en síðastliðin ár hefur ósæðarlokuísetning með þræðingartækni (TAVI) rutt sér til rúms hér á landi ...
  • Árnadóttir, Sólveig Ása; Einarsdottir, Lara; Sigurðardóttir, Árún Kristín (2022-06-15)
    The objective of this research was to investigate late-life physical functioning and lifetime history of physical activity (PA) among older adults in rural and urban Arctic communities. Data was collected in a cross-sectional, population-based study ...
  • Halldórsson, Arnljótur Björn; Axelsson, Gísli Þór; Jónsson, Helgi; Ísaksson, Jóhann Davíð; Harðardóttir, Hrönn; Guðmundsson, Gunnar; Hansdóttir, Sif (2021-10)
    Introduction Infections due to COVID-19 can lead to life threatening pneumonia. Accompanying severe disease are more prominent pulmonary changes on Computed Tomography (CT) scan of the chest. The goal of this study was to describe pulmonary CT changes ...
  • Teitsdóttir, Unnur Diljá; Halldórsson, Skarphéðinn; Rolfsson, Óttar; Lund, Sigrún H.; Jónsdóttir, María Kristín; Snædal, Jón G.; Petersen, Pétur Henry (2021-05-04)
    BACKGROUND: Understanding how dysregulation in lipid metabolism relates to the severity of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology might be critical in developing effective treatments. OBJECTIVE: To identify lipid species in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ...
  • Kristinsdóttir, Inga Valgerður; Jónsson, Pálmi V.; Hjaltadóttir, Ingibjörg; Björnsdóttir, Kristín (2021-10-29)
    Background: Policymakers advocate extended residence in private homes as people age, rather than relocation to long-term care facilities. Consequently, it is expected that older people living in their own homes will be frailer and have more complex ...
  • Emilsson, Valur; Gudmundsdottir, Valborg; Gudjonsson, Alexander; Jonmundsson, Thorarinn; Jonsson, Brynjolfur G; Karim, Mohd A; Ilkov, Marjan; Staley, James R; Gudmundsson, Elias F; Launer, Lenore J; Lindeman, Jan H; Morton, Nicholas M; Aspelund, Thor; Lamb, John R; Jennings, Lori L; Gudnason, Vilmundur (2022-01-25)
    Circulating proteins can be used to diagnose and predict disease-related outcomes. A deep serum proteome survey recently revealed close associations between serum protein networks and common disease. In the current study, 54,469 low-frequency and common ...
  • Grönwall, Caroline; Liljefors, Lisa; Bang, Holger; Hensvold, Aase H.; Hansson, Monika; Mathsson-Alm, Linda; Israelsson, Lena; Joshua, Vijay; Svärd, Anna; Stålesen, Ragnhild; Titcombe, Philip J.; Steen, Johanna; Piccoli, Luca; Sherina, Natalia; Clavel, Cyril; Svenungsson, Elisabet; Gunnarsson, Iva; Sævarsdóttir, Sædís; Kastbom, Alf; Serre, Guy; Alfredsson, Lars; Malmström, Vivianne; Rönnelid, Johan; Catrina, Anca I.; Lundberg, Karin; Klareskog, Lars (2021-05-20)
    Seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by the presence of rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-citrullinated protein autoantibodies (ACPA) with different fine-specificities. Yet, other serum anti-modified protein autoantibodies (AMPA), e.g. ...
  • Smaradottir, Maria Isabel; Andersen, Karl; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Näsman, Per; Rydén, Lars; Mellbin, Linda Garcia (2021-07)
    BACKGROUND: Elevated copeptin, a marker for vasopressin release, has been associated with impaired prognosis in acute myocardial infarction (MI). The aim was to investigate whether this association extends beyond the acute phase and whether it is related ...
  • Styrkarsdottir, Unnur; Lund, Sigrun H.; Sævarsdóttir, Sædís; Magnusson, Magnus I.; Gunnarsdottir, Kristbjorg; Norddahl, Gudmundur L.; Frigge, Michael L.; Ivarsdottir, Erna V.; Bjornsdottir, Gyda; Holm, Hilma; Thorgeirsson, Gudmundur; Rafnar, Thorunn; Jónsdóttir, Ingileif; Ingvarsson, Þorvaldur; Jónsson, Helgi; Sulem, Patrick; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Stefansson, Kari (2021-11)
    Objective: Biomarkers for diagnosis and progression of osteoarthritis (OA) are lacking. This study was undertaken to identify circulating biomarkers for OA that could predict disease occurrence and/or progression to joint replacement. Methods: Using ...
  • Chew, Michelle S.; Kattainen, Salla; Haase, Nicolai; Buanes, Eirik A.; Kristinsdóttir, Linda B.; Hofsø, Kristin; Laake, Jon Henrik; Kvåle, Reidar; Hästbacka, Johanna; Reinikainen, Matti; Bendel, Stepani; Varpula, Tero; Walther, Sten; Perner, Anders; Flaatten, Hans K.; Sigurðsson, Martin Ingi (2022-01)
    Background: We sought to provide a description of surge response strategies and characteristics, clinical management and outcomes of patients with severe COVID-19 in the intensive care unit (ICU) during the first wave of the pandemic in Denmark, Finland, ...
  • Brynjólfsson, Siggeir Fannar; Sigurgrímsdóttir, Hildur; Einarsdóttir, Elín D.; Björnsdóttir, Guðrún Ása; Ármannsdóttir, Brynja; Baldvinsdóttir, Guðrún E.; Bjarnason, Agnar; Guðlaugsson, Ólafur; Guðmundsson, Sveinn Viðar; Sigurðardóttir, Sigurveig T.; Löve, Arthur; Kristinsson, Karl Gústaf; Lúðvíksson, Björn Rúnar (2021-06-10)
    A detailed understanding of the antibody response against SARS-CoV-2 is of high importance, especially with the emergence of novel vaccines. A multiplex-based assay, analyzing IgG, IgM, and IgA antibodies against the receptor binding domain (RBD), spike ...
  • GBD 2019 Police Violence US Subnational Collaborators; Sigfúsdóttir, Inga Dóra (2021-10-02)
    Background: The burden of fatal police violence is an urgent public health crisis in the USA. Mounting evidence shows that deaths at the hands of the police disproportionately impact people of certain races and ethnicities, pointing to systemic racism ...
  • Kristiansen, Martin; Lindén, Christina; Qvarlander, Sara; Wåhlin, Anders; Ambarki, Khalid; Hallberg, Per; Eklund, Anders; Jóhannesson, Gauti (2020-11-19)
    Purpose: To examine feasibility of phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PCMRI) and to assess blood flow rate in the ophthalmic artery (OA) in patients with normal tension glaucoma (NTG) compared with healthy controls. Methods: Sixteen patients ...
  • Nicoletti, Paola; Devarbhavi, Harshad; Goel, Ashish; Venkatesan, Radha; Eapen, Chundamannil E.; Grove, Jane I.; Zafer, Samreen; Björnsson, Einar Stefán; Lucena, M. Isabel; Andrade, Raul J.; Pirmohamed, Munir; Wadelius, Mia; Larrey, Dominique; Maitland-van der Zee, Anke Hilse; Ibanez, Luisa; Watkins, Paul B.; Daly, Ann K.; Aithal, Guruprasad P. (2021-04)
    Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a complication of treatment with antituberculosis (TB) drugs, especially in isoniazid (INH)-containing regimens. To investigate genetic risk factors, we performed a genomewide association study (GWAS) involving anti-TB ...
  • the ProCompNurse Consortium (2022-01-26)
    BACKGROUND: Countries vary in the number of qualified nurses employed in older adult services. Moreover, students' views of older people nursing as a career differ internationally. Studying future nurses and their career intentions for the field is ...
  • Konradsen, Hanne; Brødsgaard, Anne; Østergaard, Birte; Svavarsdóttir, Erla Kolbrún; Dieperink, Karin B.; Imhof, Lorenz; Luttik, Marie Louise; Mahrer-Imhof, Romy; García-Vivar, Cristina (2020-04-14)
    Introduction: In Europe, cancer is one of the predominant causes of mortality and morbidity among older people aged over 65. A diagnosis of cancer can imply a negative impact on the quality of life of the older patients and their families. Despite ...