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Browsing by Subject "Adult"

Browsing by Subject "Adult"

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  • Gestsdottir, Rosika; Tomasdottir, Margret Olafia; Sigurdardottir, Sigrun (2021-07-01)
    INTRODUCTION: Accumulating evidence shows that those having experienced psychological trauma have increased risk of complex health problems. In primary health care health-promoting services are offered to individuals with complex health problems, based ...
  • Thórsson, Bolli; Guðmundsson, Elías Freyr; Sigurðsson, Gunnar; Aspelund, Thor; Guðnason, Vilmundur G. (2021-05)
    INTRODUCTION: The number of people with type 2 diabetes has increased in Iceland in the last few decades. We utilized the national database on prescribed medication from the Directorate of Health to estimate the prevalence and incidence of type 2 ...
  • Abd ElHafeez, Samar; Noordzij, Marlies; Kramer, Anneke; Bell, Samira; Savoye, Emilie; Abad Diez, José Maria; Lundgren, Torbjörn; Reisæter, Anna Varberg; Kerschbaum, Julia; Santiuste de Pablos, Carmen; Ortiz, Fernanda; Collart, Frederic; Pálsson, Runólfur; Arici, Mustafa; Heaf, James G.; Massy, Ziad A.; Jager, Kitty J. (2020-10-06)
    In this study we aimed to compare patient and graft survival of kidney transplant recipients who received a kidney from a living-related donor (LRD) or living-unrelated donor (LUD). Adult patients in the ERA-EDTA Registry who received their first kidney ...
  • Halldórsson, Arnljótur Björn; Axelsson, Gísli Þór; Jónsson, Helgi Már; Ísaksson, Jóhann Davíð; Harðardóttir, Hrönn; Guðmundsson, Gunnar; Hansdóttir, Sif (2021-10)
    Introduction Infections due to COVID-19 can lead to life threatening pneumonia. Accompanying severe disease are more prominent pulmonary changes on Computed Tomography (CT) scan of the chest. The goal of this study was to describe pulmonary CT changes ...
  • Guðmundsdóttir, Embla Ýr; Gottfreðsdóttir, Helga; Hálfdánsdóttir, Berglind; Nieuwenhuijze, Marianne; Gissler, Mika; Einarsdóttir, Kristjana (2021-09)
    INTRODUCTION: This study aims to explore maternal and perinatal outcomes of migrant women in Iceland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective population-based cohort study included women who gave birth to a singleton in Iceland between 1997 and 2018, ...
  • Grönwall, Caroline; Liljefors, Lisa; Bang, Holger; Hensvold, Aase H.; Hansson, Monika; Mathsson-Alm, Linda; Israelsson, Lena; Joshua, Vijay; Svärd, Anna; Stålesen, Ragnhild; Titcombe, Philip J.; Steen, Johanna; Piccoli, Luca; Sherina, Natalia; Clavel, Cyril; Svenungsson, Elisabet; Gunnarsson, Iva; Sævarsdóttir, Sædís; Kastbom, Alf; Serre, Guy; Alfredsson, Lars; Malmström, Vivianne; Rönnelid, Johan; Catrina, Anca I.; Lundberg, Karin; Klareskog, Lars (2021-05-20)
    Seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by the presence of rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-citrullinated protein autoantibodies (ACPA) with different fine-specificities. Yet, other serum anti-modified protein autoantibodies (AMPA), e.g. ...
  • Styrkarsdottir, Unnur; Lund, Sigrun H.; Sævarsdóttir, Sædís; Magnusson, Magnus I.; Gunnarsdottir, Kristbjorg; Norddahl, Gudmundur L.; Frigge, Michael L.; Ivarsdottir, Erna V.; Bjornsdottir, Gyda; Holm, Hilma; Thorgeirsson, Gudmundur; Rafnar, Thorunn; Jónsdóttir, Ingileif; Ingvarsson, Þorvaldur; Jónsson, Helgi; Sulem, Patrick; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Stefansson, Kari (2021-11)
    Objective: Biomarkers for diagnosis and progression of osteoarthritis (OA) are lacking. This study was undertaken to identify circulating biomarkers for OA that could predict disease occurrence and/or progression to joint replacement. Methods: Using ...
  • Chew, Michelle S.; Kattainen, Salla; Haase, Nicolai; Buanes, Eirik A.; Kristinsdóttir, Linda B.; Hofsø, Kristin; Laake, Jon Henrik; Kvåle, Reidar; Hästbacka, Johanna; Reinikainen, Matti; Bendel, Stepani; Varpula, Tero; Walther, Sten; Perner, Anders; Flaatten, Hans K.; Sigurðsson, Martin Ingi (2022-01)
    Background: We sought to provide a description of surge response strategies and characteristics, clinical management and outcomes of patients with severe COVID-19 in the intensive care unit (ICU) during the first wave of the pandemic in Denmark, Finland, ...
  • Brynjólfsson, Siggeir Fannar; Sigurgrímsdóttir, Hildur; Einarsdóttir, Elín D.; Björnsdóttir, Guðrún Ása; Ármannsdóttir, Brynja; Baldvinsdóttir, Guðrún E.; Bjarnason, Agnar; Guðlaugsson, Ólafur; Guðmundsson, Sveinn Viðar; Sigurðardóttir, Sigurveig T.; Löve, Arthur; Kristinsson, Karl Gústaf; Lúðvíksson, Björn Rúnar (2021-06-10)
    A detailed understanding of the antibody response against SARS-CoV-2 is of high importance, especially with the emergence of novel vaccines. A multiplex-based assay, analyzing IgG, IgM, and IgA antibodies against the receptor binding domain (RBD), spike ...
  • Lindström, Ulf; Di Giuseppe, Daniela; Delcoigne, Bénédicte; Glintborg, Bente; Möller, Burkhard; Ciurea, Adrian; Pombo-Suarez, Manuel; Sanchez-Piedra, Carlos; Eklund, Kari; Relas, Heikki; Guðbjörnsson, Björn; Löve, Þorvarður Jón; Jones, Gareth T.; Codreanu, Catalin; Ionescu, Ruxandra; Nekvindova, Lucie; Závada, Jakub; Atas, Nuh; Yolbas, Servet; Fagerli, Karen Minde; Michelsen, Brigitte; Rotar, Ziga; Tomšič, Matija; Iannone, Florenzo; Santos, Maria Jose; Avila-Ribeiro, Pedro; Ørnbjerg, Lykke Midtbøll; Østergaard, Mikkel; Jacobsson, Lennart T.H.; Askling, Johan; Nissen, Michael J. (2021-06-03)
    Background Comedication with conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs) during treatment with tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) is extensively used in psoriatic arthritis (PsA), although the additive benefit remains ...
  • Swift, Emma Marie; Zoéga, Helga; Stoll, Kathrin; Avery, Melissa; Gottfreðsdóttir, Helga (2021-07)
    Background: We designed and implemented a new model of care, Enhanced Antenatal Care (EAC), which offers a combined approach to midwifery-led care with six one-to-one visits and four group sessions. Aim: To assess EAC in terms of women's satisfaction ...
  • Ajjampur, Sitara S.R.; Kaliappan, Saravanakumar Puthupalayam; Halliday, Katherine E.; Palanisamy, Gokila; Farzana, Jasmine; Manuel, Malathi; Abraham, Dilip; Laxmanan, Selvi; Aruldas, Kumudha; Rose, Anuradha; Kennedy, David S.; Oswald, William E.; Pullan, Rachel L.; Galagan, Sean R.; Ásbjörnsdóttir, Kristjana Hrönn; Anderson, Roy M.; Muliyil, Jayaprakash; Sarkar, Rajiv; Kang, Gagandeep; Walson, Judd L. (2021-04-30)
    Since 2015, India has coordinated the largest school-based deworming program globally, targeting soil-transmitted helminths (STH) in ~250 million children aged 1 to 19 years twice yearly. Despite substantial progress in reduction of morbidity associated ...
  • Witek-McManus, Stefan; Simwanza, James; Chisambi, Alvin B.; Kepha, Stella; Kamwendo, Zachariah; Mbwinja, Alfred; Samikwa, Lyson; Oswald, William E.; Kennedy, David S.; Timothy, Joseph W.S.; Legge, Hugo; Galagan, Sean R.; Emmanuel-Fabula, Mira; Schaer, Fabian; Ásbjörnsdóttir, Kristjana Hrönn; Halliday, Katherine E.; Walson, Judd L.; Juziwelo, Lazarus; Bailey, Robin L.; Kalua, Khumbo; Pullan, Rachel L. (2021-05-12)
    Malawi has successfully leveraged multiple delivery platforms to scale-up and sustain the implementation of preventive chemotherapy (PCT) for the control of morbidity caused by soil-transmitted helminths (STH). Sentinel monitoring demonstrates this ...
  • Kristjánsson, Haukur; Jónasson, Jón Gunnlaugur; Silverborn, Per Martin; Haraldsdóttir, Sigrí ur Ólína; Guðbjartsson, Tómas (2021-06)
  • Hansen, Karólína; Björnsson, Hjalti Már; Gunnbjörnsdóttir, María I. (2021-10)
    Background Diagnosing anaphylaxis is often straightforward but can be challenging if the presentation is atypical. In patients with atypical symptoms suspected to be due to an acute allergic reaction, s-tryptase can give additional diagnostic information. ...
  • Nicoletti, Paola; Devarbhavi, Harshad; Goel, Ashish; Venkatesan, Radha; Eapen, Chundamannil E.; Grove, Jane I.; Zafer, Samreen; Björnsson, Einar Stefán; Lucena, M. Isabel; Andrade, Raul J.; Pirmohamed, Munir; Wadelius, Mia; Larrey, Dominique; Maitland-van der Zee, Anke Hilse; Ibanez, Luisa; Watkins, Paul B.; Daly, Ann K.; Aithal, Guruprasad P. (2021-04)
    Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a complication of treatment with antituberculosis (TB) drugs, especially in isoniazid (INH)-containing regimens. To investigate genetic risk factors, we performed a genomewide association study (GWAS) involving anti-TB ...
  • Skuladottir, Astros Th; Bjornsdottir, Gyda; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Walters, G. Bragi; Nawaz, Muhammad Sulaman; Moore, Kristjan Helgi Swerford; Olason, Pall I.; Thorgeirsson, Thorgeir E.; Sigurpalsdottir, Brynja; Sveinbjornsson, Gardar; Eggertsson, Hannes P.; Magnusson, Sigurdur H.; Oddsson, Asmundur; Bjornsdottir, Anna; Vikingsson, Arnor; Sveinsson, Olafur A.; Hrafnsdottir, Maria G.; Sigurdardottir, Gudrun R.; Halldorsson, Bjarni V.; Hansen, Thomas Folkmann; Paarup, Helene; Erikstrup, Christian; Nielsen, Kaspar; Klokker, Mads; Bruun, Mie Topholm; Sorensen, Erik; Banasik, Karina; Burgdorf, Kristoffer S.; Pedersen, Ole Birger; Ullum, Henrik; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Stefansson, Hreinn; Stefansson, Kari (2021-02-18)
    Bell’s palsy is the most common cause of unilateral facial paralysis and is defined as an idiopathic and acute inability to control movements of the facial muscles on the affected side. While the pathogenesis remains unknown, previous studies have ...
  • Rögnvaldsson, Sæmundur; Eythorsson, Elias; Thorsteinsdottir, Sigrun; Vidarsson, Brynjar; Önundarson, Páll Torfi; Agnarsson, Bjarni Agnar; Sigurdardottir, Margret; Thorsteinsdóttir, Ingunn; Ólafsson, Ísleifur; Runólfsdóttir, Hrafnhildur L.; Helgason, Dadi; Emilsdóttir, Arna Rut; Ágústsson, Arnar Snær; Björnsson, Aron Hjalti; Kristjánsdóttir, Gudrún; Thordardottir, Asdis Rosa; Indridason, Olafur Skuli; Jónsson, Ásbjörn; Gislason, Gauti Kjartan; Olafsson, Andri; Steingrímsdóttir, Hlíf; Kampanis, Petros; Hultcrantz, Malin; Durie, Brian G.M.; Harding, Stephen; Landgren, Ola; Palsson, Runolfur; Love, Thorvarður Jon; Kristinsson, Sigurdur Yngvi (2021-12-01)
    Multiple myeloma (MM) patients have increased risk of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) when infected by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), the precursor of ...
  • the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (2021-11-04)
    BACKGROUND: Current equations for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) that use serum creatinine or cystatin C incorporate age, sex, and race to estimate measured GFR. However, race in eGFR equations is a social and not a biologic construct. ...
  • Halldórsson, Þórhallur Ingi; Birgisdóttir, Bryndís Eva; Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Meltzer, Helle Margrete; Haugen, Margaretha; Þórsdóttir, Inga; Ólafsdóttir, Anna Sigríður; Olsen, Sjurdur F. (2021-01-29)
    BACKGROUND: A previous randomized dietary intervention in pregnant women from the 1970s, the Harlem Trial, reported retarded fetal growth and excesses of very early preterm births and neonatal deaths among those receiving high-protein supplementation. ...