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Browsing by Subject "Adolescent"

Browsing by Subject "Adolescent"

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  • Bjarnason, Thoroddur (Wiley, 2014-04-27)
    Prior research has demonstrated that migration intentions are a moderate to strong predictor of individual-level migration across a wide range of countries, but their value for predicting community-level population change remains unclear. Analyses ...
  • Thórsson, Bolli; Guðmundsson, Elías Freyr; Sigurðsson, Gunnar; Aspelund, Thor; Guðnason, Vilmundur G. (2021-05)
    INTRODUCTION: The number of people with type 2 diabetes has increased in Iceland in the last few decades. We utilized the national database on prescribed medication from the Directorate of Health to estimate the prevalence and incidence of type 2 ...
  • Sigurðsson, Haraldur Björn (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019)
    Aims: The aim of the doctoral project was to develop and assess data extraction and analysis methods specific to the anterior cruciate ligament injury mechanism. The aim of paper I was to evaluate differences in the timing of the peak knee valgus moment ...
  • Guðmundsdóttir, Embla Ýr; Gottfreðsdóttir, Helga; Hálfdánsdóttir, Berglind; Nieuwenhuijze, Marianne; Gissler, Mika; Einarsdóttir, Kristjana (2021-09)
    INTRODUCTION: This study aims to explore maternal and perinatal outcomes of migrant women in Iceland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective population-based cohort study included women who gave birth to a singleton in Iceland between 1997 and 2018, ...
  • Levy, Marína Rós; Thors, Valtýr Stefánsson; Elínardóttir, Sigríður Haralds; Möller, Alma D.; Haraldsson, Ásgeir (2021-09-30)
    Background Global death rate in children has been declining during the last decades worldwide, especially in high income countries. This has been attributed to several factors, including improved prenatal and perinatal care, immunisations, infection ...
  • Skarphéðinsson, Guðmundur Ágúst; Jarbin, Håkan; Andersson, Markus; Ivarsson, Tord (2021-07-22)
    The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Youth Self-Report (YSR) are widely used measures of psychiatric symptoms and lately also adapted to the DSM. The incremental validity of adding the scales to each other has not been studied. We validated the DSM ...
  • Ajjampur, Sitara S.R.; Kaliappan, Saravanakumar Puthupalayam; Halliday, Katherine E.; Palanisamy, Gokila; Farzana, Jasmine; Manuel, Malathi; Abraham, Dilip; Laxmanan, Selvi; Aruldas, Kumudha; Rose, Anuradha; Kennedy, David S.; Oswald, William E.; Pullan, Rachel L.; Galagan, Sean R.; Ásbjörnsdóttir, Kristjana Hrönn; Anderson, Roy M.; Muliyil, Jayaprakash; Sarkar, Rajiv; Kang, Gagandeep; Walson, Judd L. (2021-04-30)
    Since 2015, India has coordinated the largest school-based deworming program globally, targeting soil-transmitted helminths (STH) in ~250 million children aged 1 to 19 years twice yearly. Despite substantial progress in reduction of morbidity associated ...
  • Witek-McManus, Stefan; Simwanza, James; Chisambi, Alvin B.; Kepha, Stella; Kamwendo, Zachariah; Mbwinja, Alfred; Samikwa, Lyson; Oswald, William E.; Kennedy, David S.; Timothy, Joseph W.S.; Legge, Hugo; Galagan, Sean R.; Emmanuel-Fabula, Mira; Schaer, Fabian; Ásbjörnsdóttir, Kristjana Hrönn; Halliday, Katherine E.; Walson, Judd L.; Juziwelo, Lazarus; Bailey, Robin L.; Kalua, Khumbo; Pullan, Rachel L. (2021-05-12)
    Malawi has successfully leveraged multiple delivery platforms to scale-up and sustain the implementation of preventive chemotherapy (PCT) for the control of morbidity caused by soil-transmitted helminths (STH). Sentinel monitoring demonstrates this ...
  • Avokpaho, Euripide F.G.A.; Houngbégnon, Parfait; Accrombessi, Manfred; Atindégla, Eloïc; Yard, Elodie; Means, Arianna Rubin; Kennedy, David S.; Littlewood, D. Timothy J.; Garcia, André; Massougbodji, Achille; Galagan, Sean R.; Walson, Judd L.; Cottrell, Gilles; Ibikounlé, Moudachirou; Ásbjörnsdóttir, Kristjana Hrönn; Luty, Adrian J.F. (2021-08-17)
    Background Despite several years of school-based MDA implementation, STH infections remain an important public health problem in Benin, with a country-wide prevalence of 20% in 2015. The DeWorm3 study is designed to assess the feasibility of using ...
  • Þórsson, Þórbergur Atli; Bjarnason, Ragnar; Jónasdóttir, Soffía Guðrún; Jónsdóttir, Berglind (2022-03)
    INNGANGUR Graves-sjúkdómur er sjálfsónæmissjúkdómur þar sem sjálfsmótefni gegn viðtaka stýrihormóns skjaldkirtils (Thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH) valda ofseytingu skjaldkirtilshormóna, og er hann algengasta orsök skjaldvakaofseytingar (Thyrotoxicosis) ...
  • Þórisdóttir, Ingibjörg E.; Asgeirsdottir, Bryndis Bjork; Sigurvinsdottir, Rannveig; Allegrante, John; Sigfúsdóttir, Inga Dóra (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2017-07-27)
    BACKGROUND: Both research and popular media reports suggest that adolescent mental health has been deteriorating across societies with advanced economies. This study sought to describe the trends in self-reported symptoms of depressed mood and anxiety ...
  • Hollmann, Karsten; Allgaier, Katharina; Hohnecker, Carolin S.; Lautenbacher, Heinrich; Bizu, Verena; Nickola, Matthias; Wewetzer, Gunilla; Wewetzer, Christoph; Ivarsson, Tord; Skokauskas, Norbert; Wolters, Lidewij H.; Skarphéðinsson, Guðmundur Ágúst; Weidle, Bernhard; de Haan, Else; Torp, Nor Christan; Compton, Scott N.; Calvo, Rosa; Lera-Miguel, Sara; Haigis, Anna; Renner, Tobias J.; Conzelmann, Annette (2021-09)
    Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the first choice of treatment of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) in children and adolescents. However, there is often a lack of access to appropriate treatment close to the home of the patients. An internet-based ...
  • Sveinbjornsdottir, Sigrun; Thorsteinsson, Einar; Lingam, Govinda Ishwar (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2017)
    A two-dimensional theory of adolescent coping with cross-cultural and cross-Human Development Index Categories (HDI) application was tested: the Measure of Adolescent Coping Strategies (MACS). The MACS was answered by 809 adolescents of diverse origins ...
  • Kristófersson, Gísli Kort; Arnarsson, Ársæll Már; Heimisson, Guðmundur Torfi; Sigurðardóttir, Dagbjörg (2017-12-06)
    Inngangur: Athyglisbrestur og ofvirkni (ADHD) er taugaþroskaröskun sem kemur yfirleitt fram fyrir 7 ára aldur. Örvandi lyf eru mikið notuð til meðhöndlunar á þessum kvilla hér á landi, en fela í sér hættu á ávanabindingu, misnotkun og lyfjaflakki, það ...
  • Eiriksdottir, Thjodbjorg; Ardal, Steinthor; Jonsson, Benedikt A.; Lund, Sigrun H.; Ivarsdottir, Erna V.; Norland, Kristjan; Ferkingstad, Egil; Stefansson, Hreinn; Jónsdóttir, Ingileif; Holm, Hilma; Rafnar, Thorunn; Saemundsdottir, Jona; Norddahl, Gudmundur L.; Þorgeirsson, Guðmundur; Gudbjartsson, Daniel F.; Sulem, Patrick; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Stefansson, Kari; Úlfarsson, Magnús Örn (2021-06-18)
    Predicting all-cause mortality risk is challenging and requires extensive medical data. Recently, large-scale proteomics datasets have proven useful for predicting health-related outcomes. Here, we use measurements of levels of 4,684 plasma proteins ...
  • Su, Xiujuan; Yu, Yongfu; Meng, Lulu; Duan, Tony; Zhao, Yan; László, Krisztina D.; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur Anna; Hua, Jing; Li, Jiong (2021-10-01)
    OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association of a mother's loss of a close relative before or during pregnancy with intellectual disability (ID) in the offspring. METHODS: We performed a nationwide population-based cohort study based on Danish ...
  • Kristjansson, Alfgeir; Mann, Michael J.; Sigfusson, Jon; Thorisdottir, Ingibjorg; Allegrante, John P.; Sigfusdottir, Inga (SAGE Publications, 2020-02-20)
    El uso de sustancias por los adolescentes (i.e. el consumo de alcohol, tabaco, y otras drogas), persiste como un problema global, y se mantiene como un desafio para nuestras sociedades y autoridades de salud publica. Como respuesta a las altas tasas ...
  • Survonen, Anne; Salanterä, Sanna; Näntö-Salonen, Kirsti; Sigurdardottir, Arun K.; Suhonen, Riitta (Wiley, 2019-01-17)
    Aim: To analyse psychosocial self‐efficacy in adolescents with type 1 diabetes, evalu‐ ate associations between self‐efficacy and metabolic control and background varia‐ bles and determine psychometric properties of the Finnish Diabetes Empowerment Scale ...
  • Lu, Donghao; Aleknaviciute, Jurate; Bjarnason, Ragnar; Tamimi, Rulla M.; Valdimarsdóttir, Unnur A.; Bertone-Johnson, Elizabeth R. (2021-02)
    STUDY QUESTION: Is pubertal timing associated with risk of premenstrual disorders (PMDs) in young adulthood? SUMMARY ANSWER: Late pubertal development is associated with decreased premenstrual symptom burden and risk of PMDs in young adulthood. WHAT ...
  • Pétursdóttir, Sigrún Guðný; Kristjánsson, Jón Magnús; Björnsson, Hjalti Már (2021-05)
    INNGANGUR Rafskútur eru orðnar vinsæll samgöngumáti á höfuðborgarsvæðinu. Erlendis hefur notkun þeirra fylgt nokkur slysatíðni en ekki er vitað um tíðni slíkra slysa á Íslandi. Markmið rannsóknarinnar var að meta orsakir, eðli og afleiðingar rafskútuslysa ...