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Browsing by School "School of Health Sciences (UA)"

Browsing by School "School of Health Sciences (UA)"

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  • Arnarsson, Arsaell; Kristofersson, Gisli; Bjarnason, Thoroddur (Wiley, 2017-07-28)
    Introduction. Over the past two decades, alcohol consumption of Icelandic adolescents has decreased dramatically. The aim of this study was to quantify the extent of this reduction and compare it with the trend in cannabis use over a 20 year period and ...
  • Hjaltadóttir, Ingibjörg; Sigurdardottir, Arun K. (Læknafélag Íslands, 2015-02)
    Inngangur: Sykursýki er vaxandi vandamál meðal eldra fólks og einn af áhættuþáttum fyrir flutning á hjúkrunarheimili. Ennfremur er sjúkdómabyrði og lyfjanotkun þeirra sem eru með sykursýki oft meiri. Tilgangur rannsóknarinnar var að skoða algengi ...
  • Hrolfsdottir, Laufey; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Hreiðarsdóttir, Ingibjörg Th.; Smárason, Alexander; Hardardottir, Hildur; Halldorsson, Thorhallur (MDPI AG, 2019-08-11)
    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is predominantly a lifestyle disease, with diet being an important modifiable risk factor. A major obstacle for the prevention in clinical practice is the complexity of assessing diet. In a cohort of 1651 Icelandic ...
  • Sigurgeirsdottir, Jonina; Halldorsdottir, Sigridur; Arnardóttir, Ragnheiður Harpa; Gudmundsson, Gunnar; Björnsson, Eythor (Dove Medical Press Ltd., 2019-05-16)
    Background: COPD is a common cause of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to explore patients’ experiences, self-reported needs, and needs-driven strategies to cope with self-management of COPD. Patients and methods: In this phenomenological ...
  • Sigurðsson, Héðinn; Gestsdottir, Sunna; Halldorsdottir, Sigridur; Guðmundsson, Kristján G. (Stofnun stjórnsýslufræða og stjórnmála við Háskóla Íslands, 2018-06-20)
    Skipulag heilbrigðisþjónustu er meðal erfiðustu viðfangsefna stjórnvalda. Líkt og aðrar þjóðir sem reka félagslegt heilbrigðiskerfi standa Íslendingar frammi fyrir spurningunni um hvert eigi að vera hlutverk einkarekstrar innan heilsugæslunnar. ...
  • Styrkarsdottir, Unnur; Stefánsson, Ólafur A.; Gunnarsdóttir, Kristbjörg; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Lund, Sigrún Helga; Stefánsdóttir, Lilja; Júlíusson, Kristinn; Ágústsdóttir, Arna B.; Zink, Florian; Halldórsson, Gísli H.; Ívarsdóttir, Erna V.; Benonisdottir, Stefania; Jónsson, Hákon; Gylfason, Arnaldur; Norland, Kristjan; Trajanoska, Katerina; Boer, Cindy G.; Southam, Lorraine; Leung, Jason C. S.; Tang, Nelson L. S.; Kwok, Timothy C. Y.; Lee, Jenny S. W.; Ho, Suzanne C.; Byrjalsen, Inger; Center, Jacqueline R.; Lee, Seung Hun; Koh, Jung-Min; Lohmander, L. Stefan; Ho-Pham, Lan T.; Nguyen, Tuan V.; Eisman, John A.; Woo, Jean; Leung, Ping-C.; Loughlin, John; Zeggini, Eleftheria; Christiansen, Claus; Rivadeneira, Fernando; van Meurs, Joyce; Uitterlinden, Andre G.; Mogensen, Brynjólfur; Jónsson, Helgi; Ingvarsson, Þorvaldur; Sigurdsson, Gunnar; Benediktsson, Rafn; Sulem, Patrick; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Másson, Gísli; Holm, Hilma; Norðdahl, Guðmundur L.; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-05-03)
    Bone area is one measure of bone size that is easily derived from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans. In a GWA study of DXA bone area of the hip and lumbar spine (N ≥ 28,954), we find thirteen independent association signals at twelve loci ...
  • Styrkarsdottir, Unnur; Stefansson, Olafur A.; Gunnarsdottir, Kristbjorg; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Lund, Sigrún Helga; Stefansdottir, Lilja; Juliusson, Kristinn; Ágústsdóttir, Arna B.; Zink, Florian; Halldorsson, Gisli; Ivarsdottir, Erna V.; Benonisdottir, Stefania; Jonsson, Hakon; Gylfason, Arnaldur; Norland, Kristjan; Trajanoska, Katerina; Boer, Cindy G.; Southam, Lorraine; Leung, Jason C. S.; Tang, Nelson L. S.; Kwok, Timothy C. Y.; Lee, Jenny S. W.; Ho, Suzanne C.; Byrjalsen, Inger; Center, Jacqueline R.; Lee, Seung Hun; Koh, Jung-Min; Lohmander, L. Stefan; Ho-Pham, Lan T.; Nguyen, Tuan V.; Eisman, John A.; Woo, Jean; Leung, Ping-C.; Loughlin, John; Zeggini, Eleftheria; Christiansen, Claus; Rivadeneira, Fernando; van Meurs, Joyce; Uitterlinden, Andre G.; Mogensen, Brynjolfur; Jonsson, Helgi; Ingvarsson, Thorvaldur; Sigurdsson, Gunnar; Benediktsson, Rafn; Sulem, Patrick; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Másson, Gísli; Holm, Hilma; Norddahl, Gudmundur L.; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-05-03)
    Bone area is one measure of bone size that is easily derived from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans. In a GWA study of DXA bone area of the hip and lumbar spine (N ≥ 28,954), we find thirteen independent association signals at twelve loci ...
  • Boström, Lovisa; Malmgren Fänge, Agneta; Chiatti, Carlos; Thordardottir, Björg; Ekstam, Lisa (MDPI AG, 2018-09-27)
    Housing adaptations (HA) clients are a heterogeneous group of people with disabilities experiencing restricted performance and participation in everyday life. While health-related quality of life is a common and relevant outcome in health care research, ...
  • Hjaltadóttir, Ingibjörg; Ólafsson, Kjartan; Sigurdardottir, Arun K.; Arnardóttir, Ragnheiður Harpa (Læknafélag Íslands, 2019-10-01)
    INNGANGUR Fjölmargir þættir hafa áhrif á þjónustuþörf og lifun íbúa hjúkrunarheimila, meðal annars inntökuskilyrði fyrir flutningi á hjúkrunarheimili. Markmið rannsóknarinnar var að athuga hvort munur væri á heilsufari, lifun og forspárgildi mismunandi ...
  • Thordardottir, Björg; Chiatti, Carlos; Ekstam, Lisa; Malmgren Fänge, Agneta (MDPI AG, 2015-12-29)
    The aim of the paper was to explore the heterogeneity among housing adaptation clients. Cluster analysis was performed using baseline data from applicants in three Swedish municipalities. The analysis identified six main groups: “adults at risk of ...
  • Svavarsdóttir, Margrét Hrönn; Sigurdardottir, Arun K.; Steinsbekk, Aslak (BioMed Central, 2015-05-13)
    Background: Health professionals with the level of competency necessary to provide high-quality patient education are central to meeting patients' needs. However, research on how competencies in patient education should be developed and health professionals ...
  • Thordardottir, Björg; Malmgren Fänge, Agneta; Chiatti, Carlos; Ekstam, Lisa (Informa UK Limited, 2018-04-06)
    Housing adaptation aims to enable clients to live independently in their own homes. Studies focusing on participation in everyday life following a housing adaptation are lacking and needed. This study aimed to explore housing adaptation clients’ ...
  • Survonen, Anne; Salanterä, Sanna; Näntö-Salonen, Kirsti; Sigurdardottir, Arun K.; Suhonen, Riitta (Wiley, 2019-01-17)
    Aim: To analyse psychosocial self‐efficacy in adolescents with type 1 diabetes, evalu‐ ate associations between self‐efficacy and metabolic control and background varia‐ bles and determine psychometric properties of the Finnish Diabetes Empowerment Scale ...
  • Sigurdardottir, Sigrun; Halldorsdottir, Sigridur (MDPI AG, 2018-01-08)
    Stressful early life experiences cause immune dysregulation across the lifespan. Despite the fact that studies have identified childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors as a particularly vulnerable group, only a few attempts have been made to study their ...
  • Svanbergsson, Gunnar; Ingvarsson, Þorvaldur; Arnardóttir, Ragnheiður Harpa (Laeknabladid/The Icelandic Medical Journal, 2017-01-05)
    Background: Non-specific low-back pain is a worldwide problem. More specific diagnosis could improve prognosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) became available in Akureyri Hospital in 2004 but its utilisation in diagnosing low-back pain has not been ...
  • Sigurdardottir, Arun K.; Kristofersson, Gisli; Gustafsdottir, Sonja Stelly; Sigurðsson, Stefán B; Arnadottir, Solveig A; Steingrimsson, Jon; Gunnarsdottir, Elin (Informa UK Limited, 2019-11-29)
    Little is known about self-rated health (SRH) of older people living in more remote and Arctic areas. Iceland is a high-income country with one of the lowest rates of income inequality in the world, which may influence SRH. The research aim was to study ...
  • Styrkarsdottir, Unnur; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Gudjonsson, Sigurjon A.; Sigurdsson, Asgeir; Center, Jacqueline R.; Lee, Seung Hun; Nguyen, Tuan V.; Kwok, Timothy C.Y.; Lee, Jenny S.W.; Ho, Suzanne C.; Woo, Jean; Leung, Ping-C.; Kim, Beom-Jun; Rafnar, Thorunn; Kiemeney, Lambertus A.; Ingvarsson, Thorvaldur; Koh, Jung-Min; Tang, Nelson L.S.; Eisman, John A.; Christiansen, Claus; Sigurdsson, Gunnar; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2016-01-06)
    Bone mineral density (BMD) is a measure of osteoporosis and is useful in evaluating the risk of fracture. In a genome-wide association study of BMD among 20,100 Icelanders, with follow-up in 10,091 subjects of European and East-Asian descent, we found ...
  • Gustafsdottir, Sonja Stelly; Fenger, Kristjana; Halldorsdottir, Sigridur; Bjarnason, Thoroddur (Taylor & Francis Open, 2017-01-01)
    Iceland is sparsely populated but social justice and equity has been emphasised within healthcare. The aim of the study is to examine healthcare services in Fjallabyggð, in rural northern Iceland, from users’ perspective and evaluate social justice, ...
  • Sigursteinsdóttir, Hjördís; Skuladottir, Hafdis; Agnarsdóttir, Thórey; Halldorsdottir, Sigridur (MDPI AG, 2020-01-20)
    Background: Middle managers have not received enough attention within the healthcare field, and little is known how stressful factors in their work environment coupled with a lack of adequate sleep are related to musculoskeletal pain. The aim of this ...
  • Halldorsdottir, Sigridur; Skuladottir, Hafdis; Sigursteinsdóttir, Hjördís; Agnarsdóttir, Þórey (Stofnun stjórnsýslufræða og stjórnmála við Háskóla Íslands, 2016-12-19)
    Millistjórnendur eru í krefjandi hlutverki og upplifa sig oft eins og milli steins og sleggju. Þeir gegna þungavigtarhlutverki en störf þeirra einkennast af miklu vinnuálagi og streitu. Þó hafa þeir fengið fremur litla athygli í stjórnendafræðum, einkum ...