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Browsing by School "Hug- og félagsvísindasvið (HA)"

Browsing by School "Hug- og félagsvísindasvið (HA)"

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  • Arnarsson, Arsaell; Kristófersson, Gísli Kort; Bjarnason, Thoroddur (Wiley, 2017-07-28)
    Introduction. Over the past two decades, alcohol consumption of Icelandic adolescents has decreased dramatically. The aim of this study was to quantify the extent of this reduction and compare it with the trend in cannabis use over a 20 year period and ...
  • Bjarnason, Thoroddur (Wiley, 2014-04-27)
    Prior research has demonstrated that migration intentions are a moderate to strong predictor of individual-level migration across a wide range of countries, but their value for predicting community-level population change remains unclear. Analyses ...
  • Arnarsson, Arsaell; Gísladóttir, Kristín Heba; Jonsson, Stefan Hrafn (Laeknabladid/The Icelandic Medical Journal, 2016-06-02)
    Inngangur: Kynferðisleg áreitni og ofbeldi gagnvart börnum og unglingum er ein alvarlegasta ógn við heilbrigði þeirra. Markmiðið var að rannsaka algengi og áhrif þess á íslenska unglinga í 10. bekk. Efniviður og aðferðir: Rannsóknin byggir á gögnum úr ...
  • Arnardottir, Nanna Yr; Óskarsdóttir, Nína Dóra; Brychta, Robert J.; Koster, Annemarie; van Domelen, Dane R.; Caserotti, Paolo; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; Sverrisdóttir, Jóhanna E.; Jóhannsson, Erlingur; Launer, Lenore J.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Harris, Tamara B.; Chen, Kong Y.; Sveinsson, Thorarinn (MDPI AG, 2017-10-21)
    In Iceland, there is a large variation in daylight between summer and winter. The aim of the study was to identify how this large variation influences physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB). Free living PA was measured by a waist-worn ...
  • Ásgeirsson, Árni; Nordfang, Maria; Sørensen, Thomas Alrik (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2015-08-07)
    Grapheme-color synesthesia is a condition where the perception of graphemes consistently and automatically evokes an experience of non-physical color. Many have studied how synesthesia affects the processing of achromatic graphemes, but less is known ...
  • Gestsdottir, Sunna; Svansdóttir, Erla; Sigurðsson, Héðinn; Arnarsson, Arsaell; Ommundsen, Yngvar; Arngrímsson, Sigurbjörn Árni; Sveinsson, Thorarinn; Jóhannsson, Erlingur (Termedia Sp. z.o.o., 2018)
    background Body image dissatisfaction has been linked with a range of adverse psychosocial outcomes in both genders and has become an important public health issue. Across all ages, women have reported being more dissatisfied with their bodies ...
  • van der Berg, Julianne D.; Stehouwer, Coen D.A.; Bosma, Hans; Caserotti, Paolo; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; Van Domelen, Dane R.; Brychta, Robert J.; Chen, Kong Y.; Sveinsson, Thorarinn; Johannsson, Erlingur; Launer, Lenore J.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Jonsson, Palmi V.; Harris, Tamara B.; Koster, Annemarie; Arnardóttir, Nanna Ýr (Informa UK Limited, 2019-03-30)
    Dynamic sitting, such as fidgeting and desk work, might be associated with health, but remains difficult toidentify out of accelerometry data. We examined, in a laboratory study, whether dynamic sitting can beidentified out of triaxial activity counts. ...
  • Freitas, Camila R.M.; Gunnarsdóttir, Þrúður; Fidelix, Yara L.; Tenório, Thiago R.S.; Hill, James O.; Prado, Wagner L.; Lofrano-Prado, Mara Cristina (Elsevier Editora Ltda, 2016-11-04)
    Objective: To investigate the effects of multidisciplinary treatment with and without psychological counseling on obese adolescents’ self-reported quality of life. Methods: Seventy-six obese adolescents (15.87 ± 1.53 y) were allocated into ...
  • Bjarnason, Thoroddur (Elsevier BV, 2014-12)
    Work travel is an important alternative to out-migration in rural areas characterized by a limited range of jobs. The size of local labour markets is determined in part by geography and tradition, but advances in transportation have the potential to ...
  • Guðmundsdóttir, Kristín; Sigurðardóttir, Zuilma Gabriela; Ala'i-Rosales, Shahla (American Psychological Association (APA), 2017-04)
    This article describes the development and results of behavioral training via telecommunication for three caregivers of children with autism. A single-subject, multiple baseline experimental design, replicated across caregivers, preschool children with ...
  • Bjarnason, Thoroddur (Springer Nature, 2000)
    The attainment of initial status in adult society involves a series of transfers between distinct systems of adolescent stratification. The social and cultural resources of the childhood family may be converted into status within informal adolescent ...
  • Bjarnason, Thoroddur (Félagsfræðingafélags Íslands, 2018-11-02)
    Flest byggðarlög á Íslandi einkennast af miklum hreyfanleika og háu hlutfalli aðfluttra íbúa. Innan við helmingur fullorðinna íbúa Akureyrar, Dalvíkur og Húsavíkur eru innfædd og aðeins um 14% íbúanna hafa aldrei búið annars staðar. Um helmingur þeirra ...
  • Guðmundsson, Birgir (Walter de Gruyter GmbH, 2019-02-01)
    The increased importance of social media platforms and network media logic merging with traditional media logic are a trademark of modern hybrid systems of political communication. This article looks at this development through the media-use by ...
  • Bjarnason, Thoroddur (SAGE Publications, 2009-05-20)
    Preferred emigration destinations among adolescents reflect images and stereotypes of other countries that continuously emerge in a multitude of local and global discourses and from concrete experiences with other countries. The affinities of Icelandic ...
  • Höller, Peter; Trinka, Eugen; Höller, Yvonne (Frontiers Media SA, 2019-04-05)
    High frequency oscillations (HFOs) are electroencephalographic correlates of brain activity detectable in a frequency range above 80 Hz. They co-occur with physiological processes such as saccades, movement execution, and memory formation, but are also ...
  • Seyfrit, Carole L.; Bjarnason, Thoroddur; Ólafsson, Kjartan (Informa UK Limited, 2010-11-02)
    Rural communities in Iceland have been profoundly affected by natural resource management policies. As part of a regional development strategy, a large aluminum smelter and 650-megawatt hydroelectric plant were built in the sparsely populated Eastfjords ...
  • Lingam, Govinda Ishwar; Sveinbjornsdottir, Sigrun; Thorsteinsson, Einar (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2017)
    A two-dimensional theory of adolescent coping with cross-cultural and cross-Human Development Index Categories (HDI) application was tested: the Measure of Adolescent Coping Strategies (MACS). The MACS was answered by 809 adolescents of diverse origins ...
  • Frímannsson, Gudmundur Heidar (HERMES History Education Research Network, 2017-01-18)
    In this article I attempt to answer the question - is there is a conceptual link between moral and historical consciousness? I shall first discuss moral concepts and moral development; try to explore what they mean, and what they involve. In doing ...
  • Hauksdóttir, Hildur; Steingrímsdóttir, María; Svanbjörnsdóttir, Birna María (The Educational Research Institute, 2018-12-21)
    Fyrstu tvö árin í starfi hafa mikilvæg áhrif á fagmennsku kennara. Í greininni er sjónum beint að mótun starfskenningar nýrra framhaldsskólakennara til að skilja betur hvaða þættir ráða þar för. Rannsóknin er byggð á eigindlegum gögnum.1 Í ársbyrjun ...
  • Karlsson, Vífill (Félagsfræðingafélags Íslands, 2018-11-01)
    Fækkun bænda og veiking sveitarsamfélaga hefur verið áhyggjuefni meðal þeirra sem vilja halda landinu öllu í byggð. Í greininni er nýliðun í nautgripaog sauðfjárrækt á Íslandi í brennidepli. Skoðað var hvaða áhrif fjarlægð frá Reykjavík, aldur ...