Opin vísindi

Browsing by School "Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HÍ)"

Browsing by School "Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HÍ)"

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  • Sigurðsson, Emil Lárus (Informa UK Limited, 2018-01-02)
  • Gorski, Mathias; van der Most, Peter J.; Teumer, Alexander; Chu, Audrey Y.; Li, Man; Mijatovic, Vladan; Nolte, Ilja M.; Cocca, Massimiliano; Taliun, Daniel; Gomez, Felicia; Li, Yong; Tayo, Bamidele; Tin, Adrienne; Feitosa, Mary F.; Aspelund, Thor; Attia, John; Biffar, Reiner; Bochud, Murielle; Boerwinkle, Eric; Borecki, Ingrid; Bottinger, Erwin P.; Chen, Ming-Huei; Chouraki, Vincent; Ciullo, Marina; Coresh, Josef; Cornelis, Marilyn C.; Curhan, Gary C.; d’Adamo, Adamo Pio; Dehghan, Abbas; Dengler, Laura; Ding, Jingzhong; Eiríksdóttir, Guðný; Endlich, Karlhans; Enroth, Stefan; Esko, Tõnu; Franco, Oscar H.; Gasparini, Paolo; Gieger, Christian; Girotto, Giorgia; Gottesman, Omri; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Gyllensten, Ulf; Hancock, Stephen J.; Harris, Tamara B.; Helmer, Catherine; Höllerer, Simon; Hofer, Edith; Hofman, Albert; Holliday, Elizabeth G.; Homuth, Georg; Hu, Frank B.; Huth, Cornelia; Hutri-Kähönen, Nina; Hwang, Shih-Jen; Imboden, Medea; Johansson, Åsa; Kähönen, Mika; König, Wolfgang; Kramer, Holly; Krämer, Bernhard K.; Kumar, Ashish; Kutalik, Zoltán; Lambert, Jean-Charles; Launer, Lenore J.; Lehtimäki, Terho; de Borst, Martin; Navis, Gerjan; Swertz, Morris; Liu, Yongmei; Lohman, Kurt; Loos, Ruth J. F.; Lu, Yingchang; Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka; McEvoy, Mark A.; Meisinger, Christa; Meitinger, Thomas; Metspalu, Andres; Metzger, Marie; Mihailov, Evelin; Mitchell, Paul; Nauck, Matthias; Oldehinkel, Albertine J.; Olden, Matthias; WJH Penninx, Brenda; Pistis, Giorgio; Pramstaller, Peter P.; Probst-Hensch, Nicole; Raitakari, Olli T.; Rettig, Rainer; Ridker, Paul M.; Rivadeneira, Fernando; Robino, Antonietta; Rosas, Sylvia E.; Ruderfer, Douglas; Ruggiero, Daniela; Saba, Yasaman; Sala, Cinzia; Schmidt, Helena; Schmidt, Reinhold; Scott, Rodney J.; Sedaghat, Sanaz; Smith, Albert Vernon; Sorice, Rossella; Stengel, Benedicte; Stracke, Sylvia; Strauch, Konstantin; Toniolo, Daniela; Uitterlinden, André G.; Ulivi, Sheila; Viikari, Jorma S.; Völker, Uwe; Vollenweider, Peter; Völzke, Henry; Vuckovic, Dragana; Waldenberger, Melanie; Jin Wang, Jie; Yang, Qiong; Chasman, Daniel I.; Tromp, Gerard; Snieder, Harold; Heid, Iris M.; Fox, Caroline S.; Köttgen, Anna; Pattaro, Cristian; Böger, Carsten A.; Fuchsberger, Christian (Springer Nature, 2017-04-28)
    HapMap imputed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed >50 loci at which common variants with minor allele frequency >5% are associated with kidney function. GWAS using more complete reference sets for imputation, such as those from The ...
  • Ulfarsson, Magnus; Walters, G B; Gústafsson, O; Steinberg, S; Silva, A; Doyle, O M; Brammer, M; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Arnarsdóttir, S; Jonsdottir, Gudbjorg; Gísladóttir, R S; Bjornsdottir, Gyda; Helgason, H; Ellingsen, L M; Halldórsson, J G; Sæmundsen, Evald E.; Stefánsdóttir, B; Jónsson, L; Eiríksdóttir, V K; Eiríksdóttir, G R; Jóhannesdóttir, G H; Unnsteinsdóttir, U; Jónsdóttir, B; Magnúsdóttir, B B; sulem, patrick; Þorsteinsdóttir, Unnur; Sigurðsson, E; Brandeis, D; Meyer-Lindenberg, A; Stefánsson, H; Stefánsson, Kári (Springer Nature, 2017-04-25)
    Several copy number variants have been associated with neuropsychiatric disorders and these variants have been shown to also influence cognitive abilities in carriers unaffected by psychiatric disorders. Previously, we associated the 15q11.2(BP1–BP2) ...
  • Delgado, Alex J; Olafsson, Vilhelm (Dove Medical Press Ltd., 2017-08)
    Xerostomia affects 30% of the population and manifests as a side effect of medications, systemic diseases, or cancer therapy. Oral moisturizers are prescribed to overcome the ailments of dry mouth and its symptoms. It is imperative that these products ...
  • Helgason, Dadi (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-06)
    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a growing problem worldwide and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. AKI is a known complication following cardiac operations and coronary angiography (CA). Following CA, AKI has been associated with contrast ...
  • Helgadottir, Solveig (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2017-01-06)
    In line with advances in surgery, perioperative care, and intensive care, the outcome in patients treated for cardiovascular disease has improved. Open-heart surgery is common in most western countries and, in line with the general ageing of populations, ...
  • Edmunds, Kyle; Gíslason, Magnús; Sigurðsson, Sigurður; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Harris, Tamara; Carraro, Ugo; Gargiulo, Paolo (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-03-07)
    Sarcopenic muscular degeneration has been consistently identified as an independent risk factor for mortality in aging populations. Recent investigations have realized the quantitative potential of computed tomography (CT) image analysis to describe ...
  • Ingimarsson, Oddur (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2018-04-10)
    Background: Schizophrenia is a chronic serious mental disorder with prevalence close to 0.7%. Early symptoms of schizophrenia generally appear in late adolescence or the early twenties. The prognosis is usually worse in cases of early onset. The ...
  • Ólafsdóttir, Þórunn Ásta; Alexandersson, Kristján F.; Sveinbjörnsson, Garðar; Lapini, Giulia; Palladino, Laura; Montomoli, Emanuele; Del Giudice, Giuseppe; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Jonsdottir, Ingileif (Frontiers Media SA, 2018-01-08)
    Influenza vaccination remains the best strategy for the prevention of influenza virus-related disease and reduction of disease severity and mortality. However, there is large individual variation in influenza vaccine responses. In this study, we ...
  • Jónsson, Helgi (Springer Nature, 2017-12)
    Background: Hand photography has been used in a number of studies to determine the presence and severity of hand osteoarthritis (HOA). The aim of this study was to present age and gender specific prevalences of HOA diagnosed by this method. Methods: ...
  • Kuiper, Ingrid N.; Svanes, Cecilie; Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís; Bertelsen, Randi J.; Bråbäck, Lennart; Dharmage, Shyamali C.; Holm, Mathias; Janson, Christer; Jögi, Rain; Malinovschi, Andrei; Matheson, Melanie; Moratalla, Jesús Martínez; Real, Francisco Gómez; Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis; Schlünssen, Vivi; Timm, Signe; Johannessen, Ane (Springer Nature, 2018-07-27)
    Background Self-report questionnaires are commonly used in epidemiology, but may be susceptible to misclassification, especially if answers are given on behalf of others, e.g. children or parents. The aim was to determine agreement and analyse predictors ...
  • Sigurdardottir, Arun K.; Hjaltadóttir, Ingibjörg (Læknafélag Íslands, 2015-02)
    Inngangur: Sykursýki er vaxandi vandamál meðal eldra fólks og einn af áhættuþáttum fyrir flutning á hjúkrunarheimili. Ennfremur er sjúkdómabyrði og lyfjanotkun þeirra sem eru með sykursýki oft meiri. Tilgangur rannsóknarinnar var að skoða algengi ...
  • Xu, Maonian; Eiriksson, Finnur Freyr; Thorsteinsdóttir, Margrét; Heiðmarsson, Starri; Omarsdottir, Sesselja; Olafsdottir, Elin Soffia (Elsevier BV, 2019-04)
    The club moss family Lycopodiaceae produces a diverse array of bioactive lycopodium alkaloids (LAs). In particular, the alkaloid huperzine A (hupA) has grasped attention since it is a potent acetylcholinesterase inhibitor of medical interest in Alzheimer's ...
  • Sapkota, Yadav; De Vivo, Immaculata; Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur; Fassbender, Amelie; Bowdler, Lisa; Buring, Julie E.; Edwards, Todd L.; Jones, Sarah; Dorien, O.; Peterse, Danielle; Rexrode, Kathryn M.; Ridker, Paul M.; Schork, Andrew J.; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Wallace, Leanne M.; Kraft, Peter; Morris, Andrew P.; Nyholt, Dale R.; Edwards, Digna R. Velez; Nyegaard, Mette; D'Hooghe, Thomas; Chasman, Daniel I.; Stefánsson, Kári; Missmer, Stacey A.; Montgomery, Grant W. (Springer Nature, 2017-09)
    Genome-wide association (GWA) studies have identified 19 independent common risk loci for endometriosis. Most of the GWA variants are non-coding and the genes responsible for the association signals have not been identified. Herein, we aimed to assess ...
  • Löve, Arndís Sue Ching; Baz-Lomba, Jose Antonio; Reid, Malcolm J.; Kankaanpää, Aino; Gunnar, Teemu; Dam, Maria; Ólafsdóttir, Kristín; Thomas, Kevin V. (Elsevier BV, 2018-06)
    Wastewater-based epidemiology is an efficient way to assess illicit drug use, complementing currently used methods retrieved from different data sources. The aim of this study is to compare stimulant drug use in five Nordic capital cities that include ...
  • Debess Magnussen, Marita (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2018-09-21)
    The geographic remoteness of the Faroe Islands makes the archipelago an ideal location for research on bacterial carriage, their clonality, and vaccine studies. However, previous studies are lacking and the limited availability of necessary data has ...
  • Jóhannesson, Ómar I.; Kristjánsson, Árni; Thornton, Ian M. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2017-03-02)
    In previous studies we have shown that human foraging patterns appear to be constrained by attention. However, we also noted clear individual differences in foraging ability, where some individuals can apparently keep more than one target template in ...
  • Antvorskov, Julie C; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Josefsen, Knud; Svensson, Jannet; Granström, Charlotta; Roep, Bart O; Olesen, Trine H; Hrolfsdottir, Laufey; Buschard, Karsten; Olsen, Sjudur F (BMJ, 2018-09-19)
    Objective To examine the association between prenatal gluten exposure and offspring risk of type 1 diabetes in humans. Design National prospective cohort study. Setting National health information registries in Denmark. Participants Pregnant ...
  • Mindus, Stephanie; Malinovschi, Andrei; Ekerljung, Linda; Forsberg, Bertil; Gíslason, Þórarinn; Jõgi, Rain; Franklin, Karl A.; Holm, Mathias; Johannessen, Ane; Middelveld, Roelinde; Schlünssen, Vivi; Svanes, Cecilie; Torén, Kjell; Lindberg, Eva; Janson, Christer (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-04-02)
    Background The term Asthma and COPD Overlap (ACO) describes a condition where asthma and COPD overlap. We aimed to investigate associations between ACO and insomnia and respiratory symptoms, and to investigate the prevalence of ACO and the characteristics ...
  • Sandholt, Gunnar Birgir (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, 2019-02)
    The aim of the thesis work was to identify and characterise different trypsin isoenzymes from a benzamidine-purified Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) trypsin isolate. Another aim was to test the ability of cod trypsin to deactivate upper respiratory tract ...