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Browsing by Journal title "Scientific Reports"

Browsing by Journal title "Scientific Reports"

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  • Gorski, Mathias; van der Most, Peter J.; Teumer, Alexander; Chu, Audrey Y.; Li, Man; Mijatovic, Vladan; Nolte, Ilja M.; Cocca, Massimiliano; Taliun, Daniel; Gomez, Felicia; Li, Yong; Tayo, Bamidele; Tin, Adrienne; Feitosa, Mary F.; Aspelund, Thor; Attia, John; Biffar, Reiner; Bochud, Murielle; Boerwinkle, Eric; Borecki, Ingrid; Bottinger, Erwin P.; Chen, Ming-Huei; Chouraki, Vincent; Ciullo, Marina; Coresh, Josef; Cornelis, Marilyn C.; Curhan, Gary C.; d’Adamo, Adamo Pio; Dehghan, Abbas; Dengler, Laura; Ding, Jingzhong; Eiríksdóttir, Guðný; Endlich, Karlhans; Enroth, Stefan; Esko, Tõnu; Franco, Oscar H.; Gasparini, Paolo; Gieger, Christian; Girotto, Giorgia; Gottesman, Omri; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Gyllensten, Ulf; Hancock, Stephen J.; Harris, Tamara B.; Helmer, Catherine; Höllerer, Simon; Hofer, Edith; Hofman, Albert; Holliday, Elizabeth G.; Homuth, Georg; Hu, Frank B.; Huth, Cornelia; Hutri-Kähönen, Nina; Hwang, Shih-Jen; Imboden, Medea; Johansson, Åsa; Kähönen, Mika; König, Wolfgang; Kramer, Holly; Krämer, Bernhard K.; Kumar, Ashish; Kutalik, Zoltán; Lambert, Jean-Charles; Launer, Lenore J.; Lehtimäki, Terho; de Borst, Martin; Navis, Gerjan; Swertz, Morris; Liu, Yongmei; Lohman, Kurt; Loos, Ruth J. F.; Lu, Yingchang; Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka; McEvoy, Mark A.; Meisinger, Christa; Meitinger, Thomas; Metspalu, Andres; Metzger, Marie; Mihailov, Evelin; Mitchell, Paul; Nauck, Matthias; Oldehinkel, Albertine J.; Olden, Matthias; WJH Penninx, Brenda; Pistis, Giorgio; Pramstaller, Peter P.; Probst-Hensch, Nicole; Raitakari, Olli T.; Rettig, Rainer; Ridker, Paul M.; Rivadeneira, Fernando; Robino, Antonietta; Rosas, Sylvia E.; Ruderfer, Douglas; Ruggiero, Daniela; Saba, Yasaman; Sala, Cinzia; Schmidt, Helena; Schmidt, Reinhold; Scott, Rodney J.; Sedaghat, Sanaz; Smith, Albert Vernon; Sorice, Rossella; Stengel, Benedicte; Stracke, Sylvia; Strauch, Konstantin; Toniolo, Daniela; Uitterlinden, André G.; Ulivi, Sheila; Viikari, Jorma S.; Völker, Uwe; Vollenweider, Peter; Völzke, Henry; Vuckovic, Dragana; Waldenberger, Melanie; Jin Wang, Jie; Yang, Qiong; Chasman, Daniel I.; Tromp, Gerard; Snieder, Harold; Heid, Iris M.; Fox, Caroline S.; Köttgen, Anna; Pattaro, Cristian; Böger, Carsten A.; Fuchsberger, Christian (Springer Nature, 2017-04-28)
    HapMap imputed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed >50 loci at which common variants with minor allele frequency >5% are associated with kidney function. GWAS using more complete reference sets for imputation, such as those from The ...
  • Sapkota, Yadav; De Vivo, Immaculata; Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur; Fassbender, Amelie; Bowdler, Lisa; Buring, Julie E.; Edwards, Todd L.; Jones, Sarah; Dorien, O.; Peterse, Danielle; Rexrode, Kathryn M.; Ridker, Paul M.; Schork, Andrew J.; Thorleifsson, Gudmar; Wallace, Leanne M.; Kraft, Peter; Morris, Andrew P.; Nyholt, Dale R.; Edwards, Digna R. Velez; Nyegaard, Mette; D'Hooghe, Thomas; Chasman, Daniel I.; Stefánsson, Kári; Missmer, Stacey A.; Montgomery, Grant W. (Springer Nature, 2017-09)
    Genome-wide association (GWA) studies have identified 19 independent common risk loci for endometriosis. Most of the GWA variants are non-coding and the genes responsible for the association signals have not been identified. Herein, we aimed to assess ...
  • Maras, E.; Pizzagalli, L.; Ala-Nissila, T.; Jónsson, Hannes (Springer Nature, 2017-09-20)
    Understanding how edge misfit dislocations (MDs) form in a GeSi/Si(001) film has been a long standing issue. The challenge is to find a mechanism accounting for the presence of these dislocations at the interface since they are not mobile and cannot ...
  • Mantovan, R.; Fallica, R.; Mokhles Gerami, A.; Mølholt, T. E.; Wiemer, C.; Longo, M.; Gunnlaugsson, Haraldur; Johnston, K.; Masenda, H.; Naidoo, D.; Ncube, M.; Bharuth-Ram, K.; Fanciulli, M.; Gíslason, Hafliði Pétur; Langouche, G.; Olafsson, Sveinn; Weyer, G. (Springer Nature, 2017-08-15)
    The underlying mechanism driving the structural amorphous-to-crystalline transition in Group VI chalcogenides is still a matter of debate even in the simplest GeTe system. We exploit the extreme sensitivity of 57Fe emission Mössbauer spectroscopy, ...
  • Einarsson, Einar Jón; Patel, Mitesh; Petersen, Hannes; Wiebe, Thomas; Fransson, Per-Anders; Magnusson, Måns; Moëll, Christian (Springer Nature, 2016-11-10)
    The objective of cancer treatment is to secure survival. However, as chemotherapeutic agents can affect the central and peripheral nervous systems, patients must undergo a process of central compensation. We explored the effectiveness of this compensation ...
  • Bordbar, Aarash; Yurkovich, James T.; Paglia, Giuseppe; Rolfsson, Óttar; Sigurjónsson, Ólafur E.; Palsson, Bernhard O. (Springer Nature, 2017-04-07)
    The increasing availability of metabolomics data necessitates novel methods for deeper data analysis and interpretation. We present a flux balance analysis method that allows for the computation of dynamic intracellular metabolic changes at the cellular ...
  • von Malottki, S.; Dupé, B.; Bessarab, Pavel; Delin, A.; Heinze, S. (Springer Nature, 2017-09-26)
    Skyrmions are localized, topologically non-trivial spin structures which have raised high hopes for future spintronic applications. A key issue is skyrmion stability with respect to annihilation into the ferromagnetic state. Energy barriers for this ...
  • Gulevich, D. R.; Yudin, D.; Skryabin, D. V.; Iorsh, Ivan; Shelykh, Ivan (Springer Nature, 2017-05-11)
    Matter in nontrivial topological phase possesses unique properties, such as support of unidirectional edge modes on its interface. It is the existence of such modes which is responsible for the wonderful properties of a topological insulator – material ...
  • Bulla, Martin; Prüter, Hanna; Vitnerová, Hana; Tijsen, Wim; Sládeček, Martin; Alves, Jose; Gilg, Olivier; Kempenaers, Bart (Springer Nature, 2017-10-16)
    The relative investment of females and males into parental care might depend on the population’s adult sex-ratio. For example, all else being equal, males should be the more caring sex if the sex-ratio is male biased. Whether such outcomes are evolutionary ...
  • Weng, Lu-Chen; Lunetta, Kathryn L.; Müller-Nurasyid, Martina; Smith, Albert Vernon; Thériault, Sébastien; Weeke, Peter E.; Barnard, John; Bis, Joshua C.; Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka; Kleber, Marcus E.; Martinsson, Andreas; Lin, Henry J.; Rienstra, Michiel; Trompet, Stella; Krijthe, Bouwe P.; Dörr, Marcus; Klarin, Derek; Chasman, Daniel I.; Sinner, Moritz F.; Waldenberger, Melanie; Launer, Lenore J.; Harris, Tamara B.; Soliman, Elsayed Z.; Alonso, Alvaro; Paré, Guillaume; Teixeira, Pedro L.; Denny, Joshua C.; Shoemaker, M. Benjamin; Van Wagoner, David R.; Smith, Jonathan D.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Sotoodehnia, Nona; Taylor, Kent D.; Kähönen, Mika; Nikus, Kjell; Delgado, Graciela E.; Melander, Olle; Engström, Gunnar; Yao, Jie; Guo, Xiuqing; Christophersen, Ingrid E.; Ellinor, Patrick T.; Geelhoed, Bastiaan; Verweij, Niek; Macfarlane, Peter; Ford, Ian; Heeringa, Jan; Franco, Oscar H.; Uitterlinden, André G.; Völker, Uwe; Teumer, Alexander; Rose, Lynda M.; Kääb, Stefan; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Arking, Dan E.; Conen, David; Roden, Dan M.; Chung, Mina K.; Heckbert, Susan R.; Benjamin, Emelia J.; Lehtimäki, Terho; März, Winfried; Smith, J. Gustav; Rotter, Jerome I.; van der Harst, Pim; Jukema, J. Wouter; Stricker, Bruno H.; Felix, Stephan B.; Albert, Christine M.; Lubitz, Steven A. (Springer Nature, 2017-09-12)
    It is unclear whether genetic markers interact with risk factors to influence atrial fibrillation (AF) risk. We performed genome-wide interaction analyses between genetic variants and age, sex, hypertension, and body mass index in the AFGen Consortium. ...
  • Sitek, Anna; Ţolea, Mugurel; Niţă, Marian; Serra, Llorenç; Gudmundsson, Vidar; Manolescu, Andrei (Springer Nature, 2017-01-10)
    We study Coulomb interacting electrons confined in polygonal quantum rings. We focus on the interplay of localization at the polygon corners and Coulomb repulsion. Remarkably, the Coulomb repulsion allows the formation of in-gap states, i.e., ...
  • Novoselova, Iuliia P.; Petruhins, Andrejs; Wiedwald, Ulf; Ingason, Árni Sigurdur; Hase, Thomas; Magnus, Fridrik; Kapaklis, Vassilios; Palisaitis, Justinas; Spasova, Marina; Farle, Michael; Rosen, Johanna; Salikhov, Ruslan (Springer Nature, 2018-02-08)
    In 2013, a new class of inherently nanolaminated magnetic materials, the so called magnetic MAX phases, was discovered. Following predictive material stability calculations, the hexagonal Mn2GaC compound was synthesized as hetero-epitaxial films ...
  • Bessarab, Pavel; Müller, Gideon Philipp; Lobanov, Igor S.; Rybakov, Filipp N.; Kiselev, Nikolai S.; Jónsson, Hannes; Uzdin, Valery M.; Blügel, Stefan; Bergqvist, Lars; Delin, Anna (Springer Nature, 2018-02-21)
    The skyrmion racetrack is a promising concept for future information technology. There, binary bits are carried by nanoscale spin swirls–skyrmions–driven along magnetic strips. Stability of the skyrmions is a critical issue for realising this technology. ...
  • Budd, David A.; Troll, Valentin R.; Deegan, Frances M.; Jolis, Ester M.; Smith, Victoria C.; Whitehouse, Martin J.; Harris, Chris; Freda, Carmela; Hilton, David R.; Halldorsson, Saemundur; Ilya N., Ilya N. (Springer Nature, 2017-01-25)
    Quartz is a common phase in high-silica igneous rocks and is resistant to post-eruptive alteration, thus offering a reliable record of magmatic processes in silicic magma systems. Here we employ the 75 ka Toba super-eruption as a case study to show ...
  • McGarrity, Sarah; Anuforo, Ósk; Halldórsson, Haraldur; Bergmann, Andreas; Halldórsson, Skarphéðinn; Palsson, Sirus; Henriksen, Hanne H.; Johansson, Pär Ingemar; Rolfsson, Óttar (Springer Nature, 2018-05-01)
    Endothelial dysfunction contributes to sepsis outcome. Metabolic phenotypes associated with endothelial dysfunction are not well characterised in part due to difficulties in assessing endothelial metabolism in situ. Here, we describe the construction ...
  • Sigurdardottir, Heida Maria; Daníelsdóttir, Hilda Björk; Guðmundsdóttir, Margrét; Hjartarson, Kristján Helgi; Þórarinsdóttir, Elín Ástrós; Kristjánsson, Árni (Springer Nature, 2017-04-04)
    Previous research shows that dyslexic readers are impaired in their recognition of faces and other complex objects, and show hypoactivation in ventral visual stream regions that support word and object recognition. Responses of these brain regions ...
  • Kristjansson, Ragnar; Benónísdóttir, Stefanía; Oddsson, Asmundur; Galesloot, Tessel E.; Þorleifsson, Guðmar; Aben, Katja K.; Davíðsson, Ólafur B.; Jonsson, Stefan; Árnadottir, Guðný A.; Jensson, Brynjar O.; Walters, G. Bragi; Sigurðsson, Jón K.; Sigurðsson, Snævar; Hólm, Hilma; Arnar, David O.; Thorgeirsson, Gudmundur; Alexíusdóttir, Kristín; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Kiemeney, Lambertus A.; Jónsson, Þorvaldur; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Rafnar, Þórunn; sulem, patrick; Stefánsson, Kári (Springer Nature, 2017-06-08)
    Appendicitis is one of the most common conditions requiring acute surgery and can pose a threat to the lives of affected individuals. We performed a genome-wide association study of appendicitis in 7,276 Icelandic and 1,139 Dutch cases and large groups ...
  • Bergman, Anders; Hellsvik, Johan; Bessarab, Pavel; Delin, Anna (Springer Nature, 2016-11-14)
    Recent experimental data demonstrate emerging magnetic order in platinum atomically thin nanowires. Furthermore, an unusual form of magnetic anisotropy – colossal magnetic anisotropy (CMA) – was earlier predicted to exist in atomically thin platinum ...
  • Wutke, Saskia; Benecke, Norbert; Sandoval-Castellanos, Edson; Döhle, Hans-Jürgen; Friederich, Susanne; Gonzalez, Javier; Hofreiter, Michael; Lõugas, Lembi; Magnell, Ola; Morales-Muniz, Arturo; Orlando, Ludovic; Reissmann, Monika; Ruttkay, Matej; Trinks, Alexandra; Ludwig, Arne; Palsdottir, Albina Hulda; Hallsson, Jon (Springer Nature, 2016-12-07)
    Horses have been valued for their diversity of coat colour since prehistoric times; this is especially the case since their domestication in the Caspian steppe in ~3,500 BC. Although we can assume that human preferences were not constant, we have only ...
  • Hátún, H.; Azetsu-Scott, K.; Somavilla, R.; Rey, F.; Johnson, C.; Mathis, M.; Mikolajewicz, U.; Coupel, P.; Tremblay, J.-É.; Hartman, S.; Pacariz, S. V.; Salter, I.; Ólafsson, Jón (Springer Nature, 2017-11-06)
    The North Atlantic is characterized by diatom-dominated spring blooms that results in significant transfer of carbon to higher trophic levels and the deep ocean. These blooms are terminated by limiting silicate concentrations in summer. Numerous regional ...