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Browsing by Department "Matvæla- og næringarfræðideild (HÍ)"

Browsing by Department "Matvæla- og næringarfræðideild (HÍ)"

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  • Lanzoni, Anna; Castoldi, Anna F; Kass, George EN; Terron, Andrea; De Seze, Guilhem; Bal‐Price, Anna; Bois, Frédéric Y; Delclos, K Barry; Doerge, Daniel R; Fritsche, Ellen; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Kolossa‐Gehring, Marike; Hougaard Bennekou, Susanne; Koning, Frits; Lampen, Alfonso; Leist, Marcel; Mantus, Ellen; Rousselle, Christophe; Siegrist, Michael; Steinberg, Pablo; Tritscher, Angelika; Van de Water, Bob; Vineis, Paolo; Walker, Nigel; Wallace, Heather; Whelan, Maurice; Younes, Maged (Wiley, 2019-07-08)
    The current/traditional human health risk assessment paradigm is challenged by recent scientific and technical advances, and ethical demands. The current approach is considered too resource intensive, is not always reliable, can raise issues of ...
  • HASSOUN, ABDO; Gudjónsdóttir, María; Prieto, Miguel A.; Garcia-Oliveira, Paula; Simal-Gandara, Jesus; Marini, Federico; Di Donato, Francesca; D'Archivio, Angelo; Biancolillo, Alessandra (MDPI AG, 2020-08-14)
    In this review, we summarize the most recent advances in monitoring changes induced in fish and other seafood, and meat and meat products, following the application of traditional processing processes by means of conventional and emerging advanced ...
  • Antvorskov, Julie C; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Josefsen, Knud; Svensson, Jannet; Granström, Charlotta; Roep, Bart O; Olesen, Trine H; Hrolfsdottir, Laufey; Buschard, Karsten; Olsen, Sjurdur F. (BMJ, 2018-09-19)
    Objective To examine the association between prenatal gluten exposure and offspring risk of type 1 diabetes in humans. Design National prospective cohort study. Setting National health information registries in Denmark. Participants Pregnant ...
  • Nassan, Feiby L.; Jensen, Tina K.; Priskorn, Lærke; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Chavarro, Jorge E.; Jørgensen, Niels (American Medical Association (AMA), 2020-02-21)
    Importance: Diet may play a role in testicular function, but data on how adherence to different diet patterns influences human testicular function are scarce. Objective: To determine whether adherence to specific dietary patterns is associated with ...
  • Ingadottir, Arora Ros; Beck, Anne M.; Baldwin, Christine; Weekes, C. Elizabeth; Geirsdottir, Olof; Ramel, Alfons; Gislason, Thorarinn; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2018-03-06)
    Low energy and protein intakes have been associated with an increased risk of malnutrition in outpatients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We aimed to assess the energy and protein intakes of hospitalised COPD patients according to ...
  • Sandholt, Gunnar Birgir (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, 2019-02)
    The aim of the thesis work was to identify and characterise different trypsin isoenzymes from a benzamidine-purified Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) trypsin isolate. Another aim was to test the ability of cod trypsin to deactivate upper respiratory tract ...
  • Gudmundsdottir, Ragnhildur; Kreiling, Agnes-Katharina; Kristjánsson, Bjarni Kristófer; Marteinsson, Viggó; Palsson, Snaebjorn (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2019-10-02)
    Crangonyx islandicus is a groundwater amphipod endemic to Iceland, considered to have survived the Ice Ages in subglacial refugia. Currently the species is found in spring sources in lava fields along the tectonic plate boundary of the country. The ...
  • Schwendner, Petra; Bohmeier, Maria; Rettberg, Petra; Beblo-Vranesevic, Kristina; Gaboyer, Frédéric; Moissl-Eichinger, Christine; Perras, Alexandra K.; Vannier, Pauline; Marteinsson, Viggó; Garcia-Descalzo, Laura; Gómez, Felipe; Malki, Moustafa; Amils, Ricardo; Westall, Frances; Riedo, Andreas; Monaghan, Euan P.; Ehrenfreund, Pascale; Cabezas, Patricia; Walter, Nicolas; Cockell, Charles (Frontiers Media SA, 2018-02-27)
    Growth in sodium chloride (NaCl) is known to induce stress in non-halophilic microorganisms leading to effects on the microbial metabolism and cell structure. Microorganisms have evolved a number of adaptations, both structural and metabolic, to ...
  • Sandholt, Gunnar Birgir; Stefánsson, Bjarki; Scheving, Reynir; Guðmundsdóttir Ágústa (Elsevier BV, 2019-03-15)
    Atlantic cod trypsin ZT is biochemically characterized for the first time in this report in comparison to a group I trypsin (cod trypsin I). To our knowledge, trypsin ZT is the first thoroughly characterized group III trypsin. A more detailed understanding ...
  • Hrolfsdottir, Laufey; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Hreiðarsdóttir, Ingibjörg Th.; Smárason, Alexander; Hardardottir, Hildur; Halldorsson, Thorhallur (MDPI AG, 2019-08-11)
    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is predominantly a lifestyle disease, with diet being an important modifiable risk factor. A major obstacle for the prevention in clinical practice is the complexity of assessing diet. In a cohort of 1651 Icelandic ...
  • Madsen, Marie T. B.; Bjerregaard, Anne A.; Furtado, Jeremy D.; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Ström, Marin; Granström, Charlotta; Giovannucci, Edward; Olsen, Sjurdur F. (MDPI AG, 2019-03-06)
    The growing interest in potential health effects of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) makes it important to evaluate the method used to assess the fatty acid intake in nutrition research studies. We aimed to validate the questionnaire-based ...
  • Hrolfsdottir, Laufey; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Hreiðarsdóttir, Ingibjörg Th.; Hardardottir, Hildur; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg (Wiley, 2018-07-23)
    Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is a risk factor for several adverse pregnancy outcomes, including macrosomia. Diet is one of the few modifiable risk factors identified. However, most dietary assessment methods are impractical for use in maternal ...
  • Haraldsdottir, Alfheidur; Torfadottir, Johanna; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Adami, Hans-Olov; Aspelund, Thor; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Þórðardóttir, Maríanna; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Harris, Tamara B.; Launer, Lenore J.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Steingrimsdottir, Laufey (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-05-30)
    Recent studies indicate that lifestyle factors in early life affect breast cancer risk. We therefore explored the association of high consumption of meat, milk, and whole grain products in adolescence and midlife, on breast cancer risk. We used data ...
  • Thordardottir, Marianna; Lindqvist, Ebba K.; Lund, Sigrún Helga; Costello, Rene; Burton, Debra; Steingrimsdottir, Laufey; Korde, Neha; Mailankody, Sham; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; Launer, Lenore J.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Harris, Tamara B.; Landgren, Ola; Torfadottir, Johanna; Kristinsson, Sigurður Yngvi (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-11-01)
    The etiology of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), the precursor state of multiple myeloma (MM), is mostly unknown and no studies have been conducted on the effect of diet on MGUS or progression from MGUS to MM. We aimed to ...
  • Jonsson, Bert; Waling, Maria; Lagström, Hanna; Wergedahl, Hege; Olsson, Cecilia; Fossgard, Eldbjørg; Holthe, Asle; Talvia, Sanna; Hörnell, Agneta; Ólafsdóttir, Anna Sigríður; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg (Leibniz-Institute for Psychology Information (ZPID), 2017-11-30)
    The present study investigated schooling effects on cognition. Cognitive data were collected as part of a research project (ProMeal) that investigated school meals and measured the intake of school lunch in relation to children’s health, cognitive ...
  • Stefánsson, Bjarki; Sandholt, Gunnar Birgir; Guðmundsdóttir, Ágústa (Elsevier BV, 2017-01)
    Trypsins from Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), consisting of several isoenzymes, are highly active cold-adapted serine proteases. These trypsins are isolated for biomedical use in an eco-friendly manner from underutilized seafood by-products. Our group has ...
  • Margrete Meltzer, Helle; Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Trolle, Ellen; Eneroth, Hanna; Fogelholm, Mikael; Ydersbond, Trond Arild; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva (MDPI AG, 2019-09-18)
    "The Nordic diet" is an umbrella term that encompasses any interpretation that combines Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDGs) with local Nordic foods. The five Nordic countries have collaborated on Nordic Nutrition Recommendations for forty years, ...
  • Hrolfsdottir, Laufey (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, 2018-01)
    Aim: The aim of this Ph.D. thesis is to enhance understanding of the relation between maternal diet, gestational weight gain (GWG), and offspring’s cardio-metabolic factors. Moreover, the objective is to identify dietary predictors for excessive GWG. ...
  • Maslova, Ekaterina; Hansen, Susanne; Strøm, Marin; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Grunnet, Louise; Vaag, Allan; Olsen, Sjurdur F. (MDPI AG, 2018-10-17)
    Oily fish, an important source of marine n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), has shown to reduce cardiometabolic risk in adults. Whether maternal fish intake affects offspring metabolic health is less established, especially among ...
  • Chang Gudjonsson, Milan; Geirsdóttir, Ólöf G.; Briem, Kristin; Jónsson, Pálmi V.; Thorsdottir, Inga; Ramel, Alfons (OMICS Publishing Group, 2018-12)
    Background: Hemoglobin transports oxygen in blood yet its concentrations generally decrease with age. The aim of the study was to examine whether hemoglobin is connected with physical function in older age people. Design: Intervention study. Setting: ...