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Browsing by Department "Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition (UI)"

Browsing by Department "Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition (UI)"

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  • Antvorskov, Julie C; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Josefsen, Knud; Svensson, Jannet; Granström, Charlotta; Roep, Bart O; Olesen, Trine H; Hrolfsdottir, Laufey; Buschard, Karsten; Olsen, Sjudur F (BMJ, 2018-09-19)
    Objective To examine the association between prenatal gluten exposure and offspring risk of type 1 diabetes in humans. Design National prospective cohort study. Setting National health information registries in Denmark. Participants Pregnant ...
  • Sandholt, Gunnar Birgir (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, 2019-02)
    The aim of the thesis work was to identify and characterise different trypsin isoenzymes from a benzamidine-purified Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) trypsin isolate. Another aim was to test the ability of cod trypsin to deactivate upper respiratory tract ...
  • Schwendner, Petra; Bohmeier, Maria; Rettberg, Petra; Beblo-Vranesevic, Kristina; Gaboyer, Frédéric; Moissl-Eichinger, Christine; Perras, Alexandra K.; Vannier, Pauline; Marteinsson, Viggó; Garcia-Descalzo, Laura; Gómez, Felipe; Malki, Moustafa; Amils, Ricardo; Westall, Frances; Riedo, Andreas; Monaghan, Euan P.; Ehrenfreund, Pascale; Cabezas, Patricia; Walter, Nicolas; Cockell, Charles (Frontiers Media SA, 2018-02-27)
    Growth in sodium chloride (NaCl) is known to induce stress in non-halophilic microorganisms leading to effects on the microbial metabolism and cell structure. Microorganisms have evolved a number of adaptations, both structural and metabolic, to ...
  • Haraldsdottir, Alfheidur; Torfadottir, Johanna; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur; Adami, Hans-Olov; Aspelund, Thor; Tryggvadottir, Laufey; Þórðardóttir, Maríanna; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Harris, Tamara B.; Launer, Lenore J.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Steingrimsdottir, Laufey (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-05-30)
    Recent studies indicate that lifestyle factors in early life affect breast cancer risk. We therefore explored the association of high consumption of meat, milk, and whole grain products in adolescence and midlife, on breast cancer risk. We used data ...
  • Jonsson, Bert; Waling, Maria; Lagström, Hanna; Wergedahl, Hege; Olsson, Cecilia; Fossgard, Eldbjørg; Holthe, Asle; Talvia, Sanna; Hörnell, Agneta; Ólafsdóttir, Anna Sigríður; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg (Leibniz-Institute for Psychology Information (ZPID), 2017-11-30)
    The present study investigated schooling effects on cognition. Cognitive data were collected as part of a research project (ProMeal) that investigated school meals and measured the intake of school lunch in relation to children’s health, cognitive ...
  • Stefánsson, Bjarki; Sandholt, Gunnar Birgir; Gudmundsdottir, Ágústa (Elsevier BV, 2017-01)
    Trypsins from Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), consisting of several isoenzymes, are highly active cold-adapted serine proteases. These trypsins are isolated for biomedical use in an eco-friendly manner from underutilized seafood by-products. Our group has ...
  • Hrolfsdottir, Laufey (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, 2018-01)
    Aim: The aim of this Ph.D. thesis is to enhance understanding of the relation between maternal diet, gestational weight gain (GWG), and offspring’s cardio-metabolic factors. Moreover, the objective is to identify dietary predictors for excessive GWG. ...
  • Pedersen, Marie; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Olsen, Sjurdur F.; Hjortebjerg, Dorrit; Ketzel, Matthias; Grandström, Charlotta; Raaschou-Nielsen, Ole; Sørensen, Mette (Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), 2017-01)
    Background: Road traffic is a major source of air pollution and noise. Both exposures have been associated with hypertension in adults, but pregnant women have been less studied. Methods: We examined single and joint effects of ambient air pollution ...
  • Beblo-Vranesevic, Kristina; Bohmeier, Maria; Perras, Alexandra K; Schwendner, Petra; Rabbow, Elke; Moissl-Eichinger, Christine; Cockell, Charles S; Vannier, Pauline; Marteinsson, Viggó; Monaghan, Euan P; Ehrenfreund, Pascale; Garcia-Descalzo, Laura; Gómez, Felipe; Malki, Moustafa; Amils, Ricardo; Gaboyer, Frédéric; Westall, Frances; Cabezas, Patricia; Walter, Nicolas; Rettberg, Petra (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-02-21)
    Four facultative anaerobic and two obligate anaerobic bacteria were isolated from extreme environments (deep subsurface halite mine, sulfidic anoxic spring, mineral-rich river) in the frame MASE (Mars Analogues for Space Exploration) project. The ...
  • Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Englund-Ögge, Linda; Haugen, Margareta; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Knutsen, Helle Katrine; Sengpiel, Verena; Myhre, Ronny; Alexander, Jan; Nilsen, Roy M.; Jacobsson, Bo; Meltzer, Helle Margrete (Springer Nature, 2017-01-19)
    Background Preterm delivery increases the risk of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Studies suggest that maternal diet may affect the prevalence of preterm delivery. The aim of this study was to assess whether maternal intakes of seafood and marine ...
  • Hrolfsdottir, Laufey; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Rytter, Dorte; Bech, Bodil Hammer; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg; Granström, Charlotta; Henriksen, Tine Brink; Olsen, Sjurdur F.; Maslova, Ekaterina (Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), 2017-04)
    Background Results from 2 cohort studies in Scotland established in the 1940s and 1950s (Aberdeen and Motherwell) suggested that a high protein diet during pregnancy might adversely influence offspring blood pressure at adult age. Our objective was to ...
  • Englund-Ögge, Linda; Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva; Sengpiel, Verena; Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Haugen, Margareta; Myhre, Ronny; Meltzer, Helle Margrete; Jacobsson, Bo (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-03-01)
    Background Dietary habits are linked to high maternal glucose levels, associated with preterm delivery. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between meal frequency and glycemic properties of maternal diet in relation to preterm ...
  • Fucic, Aleksandra; Galea, Karen; Duca, Radu; El Yamani, Mounia; Frery, Nadine; Godderis, Lode; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Iavicoli, Ivo; Ndaw, Sophie; Ribeiro, Edna; Viegas, Susana; Moshammer, Hanns (MDPI AG, 2018-06-11)
    Endocrine disruptors (EDs) belong to large and diverse groups of agents that may cause multiple biological effects associated with, for example, hormone imbalance and infertility, chronic diseases such as diabetes, genome damage and cancer. The health ...
  • Qu, Zhishuai; Groben, René; Marteinsson, Viggó; Agatha, Sabine; Filker, Sabine; Stoeck, Thorsten (Uniwersytet Jagiellonski - Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellonskiego, 2018)
    We isolated an encysted ciliate from a geothermal field in Iceland. The morphological features of this isolate fit the descriptions of Dexiotricha colpidiopsis (Kahl, 1926) Jankowski, 1964 very well. These comprise body shape and size in vivo, the ...
  • Bjerregaard, Anne A.; Halldorsson, Thorhallur; Kampmann, Freja B.; Olsen, Sjurdur F.; Tetens, Inge (Springer Nature, 2018-01-12)
    Background: With increased focus on dietary intake among youth and risk of diseases later in life, it is of importance, prior to assessing diet-disease relationships, to examine the validity of the dietary assessment tool. This study’s objective was ...
  • Beblo-Vranesevic, Kristina; Bohmeier, Maria; Perras, Alexandra K.; Schwendner, Petra; Rabbow, Elke; Moissl-Eichinger, Christine; Cockell, Charles S.; Pukall, Rüdiger; Vannier, Pauline; Marteinsson, Viggó; Monaghan, Euan P.; Ehrenfreund, Pascale; Garcia-Descalzo, Laura; Gómez, Felipe; Malki, Moustafa; Amils, Ricardo; Gaboyer, Frédéric; Westall, Frances; Cabezas, Patricia; Walter, Nicolas; Rettberg, Petra (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-10-25)
    The limits of life of aerobic microorganisms are well understood, but the responses of anaerobic microorganisms to individual and combined extreme stressors are less well known. Motivated by an interest in understanding the survivability of anaerobic ...
  • Dang, Huong; Gudjónsdóttir, María; Karlsdottir, Magnea; Van Nguyen, Minh; Tómasson, Tumi; Arason, Sigurjón (Wiley, 2018-04-16)
    Physicochemical changes of Icelandic golden redfish (Sebastes marinus) as affected by seasonal variation (June and November) and raw material freshness (processed 4 and 9 days postcatch) during frozen storage (at −25°C for 20 months) were studied to ...
  • Boakye, Abena A.; Wireko-Manu, Faustina Dufie; Oduro, Ibok; Ellis, William O.; Gudjónsdóttir, María; Chronakis, Ioannis S. (Wiley, 2018-03-13)
    The critical role of indigenous crops in the socioeconomic growth of developing nations has necessitated calls for accelerated exploitation of staples. Cocoyam, Xanthosoma sagittifolium, is food for over 400 million people worldwide and is the most ...
  • Þórisdóttir, Birna (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, 2018-08)
    Background: Adequate nutrition in childhood is essential for growth, development and health. Vitamin D supplement use is recommended in Iceland, starting in infancy. Little information exists on the vitamin D status of Icelandic infants and children. ...