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Browsing by Department "Faculty of Economics (UI)"

Browsing by Department "Faculty of Economics (UI)"

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  • Matthiasson, Thorolfur (Viðskiptafræðideild og hagfræðideild Háskóla Íslands, viðskiptafræðideild Háskólans í Reykjavík og Seðlabanki Íslands., 2008)
    Inflation was a growing problem during the 1960’s and the 1970’s in Iceland. Inflation represents a problem for any entity that tries to write up a budget, whether an individual, a company or a governmental entity. Many governmental entities do not ...
  • Mangin, Tracey; Costello, Christopher; Anderson, James; Arnason, Ragnar; Elliott, Matthew; Gaines, Steve D.; Hilborn, Ray; Peterson, Emily; Sumaila, Rashid (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2018-09-20)
    Many analyses of fishery recovery have demonstrated the potential biological and economic benefits of management reform, but few have compared these to the associated costs of management upgrades, which can be substantial. This study aims to determine ...
  • Cook, David; Davidsdottir, Brynhildur; Malinauskaite, Laura (Elsevier BV, 2020-12)
    This paper presents the first study in the academic literature to explore the various stages in the formation of geothermal ES and their interactions between the biosphere and anthroposphere. This is achieved through the development of the first ES ...
  • Cook, David; Malinauskaite, Laura; Davidsdottir, Brynhildur; Ögmundardóttir, Helga (Elsevier BV, 2020-10)
    There is currently limited knowledge concerning the economic value of commercial whale watching from the perspective of the consumer's trip experience. This study outlines the results of an in-person contingent valuation survey, which asked whale ...
  • Alriksson-Schmidt, Ann I; Ahonen, Matti; Andersen, Guro L; Eggertsdóttir, Guðbjörg; Haula, Taru; Jahnsen, Reidun; Jarl, Johan; Jeglinsky-Kankainen, Ira; Jónsdottir, Guðný; Seid, Abdu Kedir; Asgeirsdottir, Tinna Laufey; Møller-Madsen, Bjarne; Nordbye-Nielsen, Kirsten; Saha, Sanjib; Steskal, Darina; Sääksvuori, Lauri; Hägglund, Gunnar (BMJ, 2019-10-01)
    Introduction Cerebral palsy (CP) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disabilities. Yet, most individuals with CP are adults. How individuals with CP fare in terms of health, quality of life (QoL), education, employment and income is largely ...
  • Ragnarsdóttir, Anna Guðrún; Runólfsson, Birgir Þór; Árnason, Ragnar (Viðskiptafræðideild og hagfræðideild Háskóla Íslands, viðskiptafræðideild Háskólans í Reykjavík og Seðlabanki Íslands, 2017-12-19)
    Economic distortions created by the dairy farming support system in Iceland are examined in this paper. Specifically, the impact of the direct payments component of this system is analyzed. The analysis lead to the conclusion that the form of direct ...
  • Arnórsson, Ágúst; Zoega, Gylfi (Viðskiptafræðideild og hagfræðideild Háskóla Íslands, viðskiptafræðideild Háskólans í Reykjavík og Seðlabanki Íslands., 2016)
    We study Iceland’s experience with capital controls, in particular whether changes in the central bank’s policy rate affected the exchange rate under the capital control regime from 2009 to 2015.We find that both actual changes and unexpected changes ...
  • Zoega, Gylfi (Stofnun stjórnsýslufræða og stjórnmála við Háskóla Íslands, 2017-06-16)
    Several economic models predict that effort may decline as retirement approaches. These models are reviewed and data from the University of Iceland used to measure how research productivity of members of staff depends on age. We find support for the ...
  • Birgisdóttir, Kristín Helga; Jonsson, Stefan Hrafn; Asgeirsdottir, Tinna Laufey (Springer Nature, 2017-05-23)
    Previous research has found a positive short-term relationship between the 2008 collapse and hypertension in Icelandic males. With Iceland's economy experiencing a phase of economic recovery, an opportunity to pursue a longer-term analysis of the ...
  • Malinauskaite, Laura; Cook, David; Davidsdottir, Brynhildur; Ögmundardóttir, Helga; Roman, Joe (Elsevier BV, 2019-04)
    The study presents the first systematic review of the existing literature on Arctic ES. Applying the Search, Appraisal, Synthesis and Analysis (SALSA) and snowballing methods and three selection criteria, 33 publications were sourced, including ...
  • Árnason, Ragnar (Viðskiptafræðideild og hagfræðideild Háskóla Íslands, viðskiptafræðideild Háskólans í Reykjavík og Seðlabanki Íslands, 2017-06-30)
    Foreign tourism has expanded very fast in Iceland in recent years. Much of this tourism targets relatively few places of particular natural beauty. This has resulted in two notable external effects; deterioration of some of the natural features of ...
  • Asgeirsdottir, Tinna Laufey; Jóhannsdóttir, Hildur Margrét (Springer Nature, 2017-03-09)
    How business cycles affect income-related distribution of diseases and health disorders is largely unknown. We examine how the prevalence of thirty diseases and health conditions is distributed across the income spectrum using survey data collected in ...
  • Smárason, Birgir Örn; Ögmundarson, Ólafur; Arnason, Jon; Bjornsdottir, Rannveig; Davidsdottir, Brynhildur (Central Fisheries Research Institute, Trabzon, Turkey, 2017)
    This study utilized Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to quantify the environmental impacts of 1 kg of live-weight Arctic char, cultivated in an Icelandic land-based aquaculture farm. The functional unit included assessments of three different feed types; ...
  • Cook, David; Fazeli, Reza; Davidsdottir, Brynhildur (Elsevier BV, 2019-06)
    Developing geothermal power projects may lead to trade-offs, whereby the economic and social benefits of the venture are difficult to compare with its cultural consequences, which include impacts to ES such as aesthetics, spiritual enrichment and ...
  • Egilsson, Jón (Informa UK Limited, 2019-04-16)
    We propose a new exchange rate model using interest rate differential (IRD) time series as the input, and we fit the new model with empirical data for calibration. We assume that exchange rate modeling cannot be based on the response to a single shock ...
  • Sævarsson, Elvar Smári; Svansdottir, Erla; Sveinsson, Thorarinn; Asgeirsdottir, Tinna Laufey; Arngrímsson, Sigurbjörn Árni; Johannsson, Erlingur (SAGE Publications, 2017-06-30)
    Aims: The aims of this study were to study the correlation between lifestyle-related factors, such as organized leisure-time sport participation (OLSP), cardiorespiratory fitness, and adiposity, and academic achievement among preadolescents. Methods: ...
  • Cook, David (University of Iceland, School of Social Sciences, Faculty of Economics, 2018)
    Enhanced understanding and knowledge concerning a nation’s environmental sustainability performance is necessary to ensure the longterm flourishing capacities of economies and critical to the maintenance of human well-being, particularly through the ...
  • jueseah, alvin slewion; Knutsson, Ogmundur; Kristofersson, Dadi; Tómasson, Tumi (Elsevier BV, 2020-09)
    Artisanal fisheries employ small simple craft making fishers, processors and traders vulnerable to seasonal fluctuations. This study examines effects of seasonality on supply, trading relationships and benefits distribution in two small-scale fisheries ...
  • Malinauskaite, Laura; Cook, David; Davidsdottir, Brynhildur; Ögmundardóttir, Helga (Elsevier BV, 2021-02)
    The study examines the socio-cultural values of multiple ecosystem services (ES) sourced from whales in Skjálfandi Bay, North Iceland, with many beneficiaries living in and visiting the town of Húsavík. The study begins to address the research gap in ...
  • Cook, David; Saviolidis, Nína M.; Davidsdottir, Brynhildur; Johannsdottir, Lara; Olafsson, Snjolfur (MDPI AG, 2019-08-05)
    The development of major economic sectors can provide the bedrock on which long-lasting national economic prosperity is formed. Iceland's tourism sector is an example of a rapidly expanded industry in recent years, to the extent that it has become the ...